Adjective Clauses

Adjective Clauses :

Look at the words in italics in the following sentences.

1. The boys in the gallery could not hear. [Which boys?]

2. The boys who were in the gallery could not hear. [Which boys?]

The first group of words, in the gallery, describes the boys. That is, it qualifies the Noun boys and does the work of an Adjective. It is therefore an Adjective Phrase. The second group of words, who were in the gallery, also describes the boys and so does the work of an Adjective. But since it has a Subject and a Predicate of its own, it is a Clause of Adjective.

Again the Adjective Phrase (in the gallery) is equivalent in meaning to the Clause of Adjective (who were in the gallery) and can therefore be replaced by it.

1) The boy who is walking there is my sister’s son.
2) My sister studies in the school where I studied.

An adjective clause is a dependent clause that modifies a noun or pronoun. Clauses of Adjective begin with the following words.

1. That
2. When
3. Where
4. Who
5. Whom
6. Whose
7. Which
8. Why

Sample Sentences :

1) He is the teacher who helped me with my science lessons.
2) The heavy rain is the reason why I decided to take leave today.
3) Raja is the person whose family owns a beach-house.
4) There is a big park where we can walk freely.
5) Do you remember the time when we almost missed our math teacher?
6) He is the boy whom we taught when we were in Chennai.
7) He has to take his car that he bought in Mumbai.
8) Monday is the day when he has his doctor’s appointment.
9) The man who lives across the street is my uncle.
10) The mobile-phone that is on the chair belongs to John.
11) I do not love the people who are cruel to animals.
12) Did your sister go to the school where my brother goes?
13) The moment when the joker burst in to surprise the teacher was great!
14) The reason why he left is a secret.
15) Can you see the bird that is sitting on the fence?
16) The cat that they are watching just caught a mouse!
17) The boy whose books are on the floor is my little brother.
18) I like pizza which is also the favorite food of my brother John.


  1. A Sentence - 1
  2. A Sentence - 2
  3. A Sentence - 3
  4. The Structure of Sentences
  5. Kinds of Sentences
  6. A Clause and A Phrase
  7. The Noun Clause
  8. The Adjective Clause
  9. The Adverb Clause
  10. Adverb Clauses
  11. Adjective Clauses
  12. Noun Clauses
  13. Three Kinds of Clauses
  14. Sample Sentences with Clauses
  15. Simple Sentences ( Simple Sentence )
  16. Double Sentences
  17. Multiple Sentences
  18. Complex Sentences
  19. Attributive Adjuncts
  20. The Predicate
  21. Adverbial Adjuncts to Verb of Predicate
  22. Analysis of Sentences
  23. Contracted Sentences
  24. Analysis of Double Sentences
  25. Analysis of Multiple Sentences
  26. Rules for Analysing Double Sentences
  27. Rules for Analysing Multiple Sentences
  28. Analysis of Complex Sentences
  29. The Complex Sentences
  30. Analysis of Multiple Sentence
  31. The Transformation of Sentences
  32. Modes of Expressing A Condition in English Grammar
  33. Modes of Expressing A Concessional Clause
  34. Modes of Expressing A Contrasting Clause
  35. Interchange of Degrees of Comparison
  36. Synthesis of Sentences - 1
  37. Synthesis of Sentences - 2
  38. Synthesis of Sentences - 3
  39. The Principal Clause
  40. The Dependent Clause
  41. Verb in The Dependent Clause
  42. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
  43. Kinds of Sentences
  44. Direct and Indirect Speech
  45. A Sentence without E
  46. Parsed Sentence

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