Agent of The Verb



Agent of The Verb :



Voices in English Grammar

A Transitive Verb has two voices - The Active Voice and The Passive Voice.

Active Voice

Here the person or thing denoted by the Subject is said to do something.

Rama kills a snake.

Here the person denoted by the Subject, namely, Rama, does something to a snake.

Passive Voice

Here the person or thing is said to suffer something from some other person or thing.

A snake is killed by Rama.

Here the thing denoted by the Subject, namely, a snake, suffers something from Rama.

An Intransitive Verb is not used in the Passive Voice, unless it takes a Cognate Object in the Active.

1. He ran a great risk. (Active)
2. A great risk was run by him. (Passive)
3. I eat an apple. (Active)
4. An apple is eaten by me. (Passive)
5. He killed a lion. (Active)
6. A lion was killed by him. (Passive)
7. They wrote the will. (Active)
8. The will was written by them. (Passive)
9. It gave birth to a baby-elephant. (Active)
10. A baby-elephant was given birth by it. (Passive)

When a sentence is changed from the Active form to the Passive, the Object to the Active Verb becomes the Subject to the Passive Verb.

Object to Active Verb

1. Animals cannot make tools.
2. Animals do not possess hands.
3. The king punished the thief.
4. We drove him out of the house.
5. We need six camels for our work.
6. The shepherd has lost six sheep.
7. I have bought a new house.
8. God will bless good men.
9. Some boys were flying kites.
10. Who broke the window?
11. Have you shut the door?
12. Why did your sister give such a rude reply?

Subject to Passive Verb

1. Tools cannot be made by animals.
2. Hands are not possessed by animals.
3. The thief was punished by the king.
4. He was driven out of the house by us.
5. Six camels are needed by us for our work.
6. Six sheep have been lost by the shepherd.
7. A new house has been bought by me.
8. Good men will be blessed by God.
9. Kites were being flown by some boys.
10. By whom was the window broken?
11. Has the door been shut by you?
12. Why was such a rude reply given by your sister?

The Agent of A Verb in the Passive Voice is not always stated either. Because it is understood from the rest of the sentence.

1. There was a loud explosion and all the windows were shattered.

Here we understand that all the windows were shattered by the explosion.

Because we can infer it.

1. The thief has been arrested.

We infer that the arrest was made by the police.

Because the agent is of no interest to us.

1. This wine has been diluted.

We are not interested in who diluted it, but merely in the fact of its having been diluted.

RELATED PAGES :



  1. The Verb
  2. Kinds of Verbs
  3. Object to The Verb
  4. Subject of The Verb
  5. Transitive Verbs
  6. Forms of The Object and Transitive Verb
  7. Position of The Object and Transitive Verb
  8. Noun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  9. Pronoun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  10. Infinitive as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  11. Gerund as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  12. Phrase as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  13. Clause as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  14. Relative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  15. Interrogative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  16. Double Objects and Transitive Verbs
  17. Direct Objects and Transitive Verbs
  18. Indirect Objects and Transitive Verbs
  19. Transitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  20. Complement
  21. Forms of Complement
  22. Omission of The Relative as Object
  23. Transitive Verbs used Intransitively
  24. Intransitive Verbs
  25. Intransitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  26. Intransitive Verbs of Complete Predication
  27. Subjective Complement
  28. Objective Complement
  29. Cognate or Kindred
  30. Cognate Noun
  31. Cognate Object
  32. Intransitive Verbs in A Causal Sense
  33. Prepositional Verbs
  34. Object to Active Verb
  35. Subject to Passive Verb
  36. Retained Object of The Verb in Active Voice
  37. The Direct Object of the Active Verb
  38. The Indirect Object of the Active Verb
  39. The Infinitive Mood of Verbs
  40. Sixteen Forms of A Verb
  41. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Active Voice
  42. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Passive Voice
  43. Do and Did


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