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An Indian Village :
India is one of the oldest civilized countries of the world. The ancient civilization began on the banks of rivers. It was because the people settled there in order to carry on their agriculture. So villages came into existence. There are a lot of differences between ancient and modem villages.
In olden days villages had no plan. It was a group of houses built of mud or of palm leaves. There was no proper ventilation. In front of the house or hut, cattle were kept.
There were narrow lanes and by lanes, and no drainage system. The villages were surrounded by fields, village tanks and coconut gardens. In dry areas such things are rare.
Some villages are lucky enough to have modern facilities like roads, water and light. But most of the villages are still very backward. Today there are more than 6 lakhs villages in India. Our village as a matter of fact, it is the very epitome of India’s progress. Villages are the main sources of our economy. They are the main suppliers of raw-materials
to our industries.
An Indian village is still confronted with so many problems. They are lack of educational facility, lack of sanitation and roads and medical facility. If the village is far away from the river, then there is water problem. The villagers are illiterate, mal-nourished and they are not healthy. Even in this 21st century our villagers suffer from the same old superstitions, customs and conventions.
The condition of an Indian village is pathetic. The houses are made of mud or they are thatched huts. The streets are narrow and dirty with open drainage system which breeds
foul smell. In rainy season, the entire village, because of its insanitary conditions gives a very foul smell. There are some plus points also. The village is usually in the heart of nature. They are free from air pollution and noise pollution. The villagers usually depend on tanks or well for water. The scene at the village well in the morning and evening is worth watching. The village bells dressed in their lovely and multi-coloured costumes with pitchers on their heads and waists come to fetch water from the well. It is an alluring sight to see the village women.
Villages in hilly areas have their own characteristics. There is greenery every where. Their customs and traditions are different from other villages of plain regions. The omen
folk wear colourful dress called LANGA and BLOUSE. They wear white bangles. In olden days, the women folk used to grind the corn in the early morning and they used to sing folk songs melodiously. These songs are called Ragi grinding songs.
Each village was self-sufficient in most of the things. There were carpenters, blacksmiths, goldsmiths, weavers, masons, barbers what not. Everybody was there. Alas! Due to invention of machines, handicrafts of the village completely ruined. All the artisans left their occupation and migrated to the cities. Except some villages, most of them went back to the age old condition of poverty and misery. Adding to this condition some more problems entered the villages- scarcity of water, hospitals, political and caste rivalries. There are constant caste and party clashes, which ruin the peace of the village. Sometimes God will also merciless. Every year some villages do not get normal rain - the result is severe drought.
No doubt, there are so many welfare schemes and the Government sanctions crores of Rupees. But it doesn’t reach the poor farmer.
The Indian economy is very peculiar. Here the richer becomes richer and richer; while the poor becomes poorer and poorer. An Indian farmer is born in debt and lives in debts and dies in debt.
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