Auxiliary Verb HAVE



Auxiliary Verb HAVE :



HAVE - (verb) present tense
Had - past tense
Had - past participle
Has - 3rd person singular - present tense
Hasn’t - negative short form
Haven’t - negative short form
Hadn’t - negative short form


HAVE is used with the past participle to form perfect tenses of verbs.

1. I have been reading.
2. I have written twelve letters today.
3. He had already been to London this week.
4. He will have finished by tomorrow.
5. I would have gone by air.
6. Have you finished?
7. No. I haven't"


HAVE is used with an infinitive to indicate obligation.

1. I have to be in the office at 10 O'clock.
2. Do you have to go now?
3. I hate having to get up so early.
4. It has got to be done tomorrow.


Have had it - informal
to be ruined, useless, dead or dying
to have experienced, worked or suffered enough or more than enough

1. That is it. I have had it. I am going home.
2. I have had it with all your complaining.
3. This old TV has had it. It is time we bought a new one.


HAVE is used to experience or be experiencing.

1. I have bad colds every year.


HAVE is used to experience as happening in the stated way.

1. We have reports coming from all over the country.


Anomalous use :

Have is used without DO, DOES & DID in negatives and questions.

Non-anomalous use :

HAVE is used with DO, DOES & DID.

The anomalous form is preferred when the reference is to a particular occasion.

The non-anomalous form is often used with reference to a habitual or permanent state.


HAVE is used in several ways. It can have the forms of an auxiliary verb. [questions and negatives without DO]

1. Have you seen Marie?
2. No. I haven't.
3. Haven't you ever seen Hamlet?
4. No. But I've read it.
5. I have a headache.
6. I haven't a headache.
7. Have you a headache?
8. We have five pencils and ten pens with us.
9. All you have only Rs. 2000 now.


It can also have the forms of an ordinary verb. (questions and negatives with DO)

1. Where did you have lunch?
2. I don't often have headaches.

NOTE : The choice of forms depends on the meanings.

Auxiliary Verb HAVE



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