Bare-Infinitive



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Bare-Infinitive :



The infinitive without to is known as the BARE-INFINITIVE and is used after the special verbs will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might & must. It is also used after need and dare when they are used as special verbs.

Tomorrow will be Sunday.
You can go now.
It might rain.
You should work harder.
Need I come again?
How dare you beat her?

The verbs MAKE and LET are followed by object + bare infinitive.

I made him give me the money back.
She let us use her phone.

Note, however, that the verbs force (or compel) and allow take the to-infinitive.

I forced him to give me the money back.
She allowed us to use her phone.

When used in the passive, make is followed by the to-infinitive.

He was made to give me the money back.

The verbs feel, hear, see, watch, notice, observe, listen can be used with object + bare infinitive.

I felt something touch my foot.
We heard somebody open the door.
I saw John go out.
They watched the sun set behind the trees.

The verbs SEE & HEAR, when used in the passive, take the to-infinitive.
v John was seen to go out.

We can combine two sentences into one sentence using TOO + adjective + to-intinitive. The latter part is a kind of negative.

Dick is very weak.
Dick doesn’t lift the box.
Dick is too weak to lift the box.

Dick is very young.
She can’t go to school.
My sister is too young to go to school.

The coffee is very hot.
We can’t drink it.
The coffee is too hot to drink.

Note that the to-infinitive in the last example (“to drink”), though active in form, is passive in meaning. Here the action expressed by the to-infinitive is not performed by the subject of the main verb. In such cases, for + noun / pronoun can be placed before the to-infinitive.

The coffee is too hot (for us) to drink.

We can combine two sentences into one sentence using adjective + enough + to-infinitive. ENOUGH has a positive sense, while TOO (as noticed above) has a negative sense.

Bill is very strong.
He can lift the box.
Bill is strong enough to lift the box.

Mr. White is very rich
He can buy a car.
Mr. White is rich enough to buy a car.

The bag is quite light.
I can carry it.
The bag is light enough to carry.

The to-infinitive in the last example is passive in meaning. For + noun / pronoun may be introduced in such cases.

The bag is light enough (for me) to carry.

TOO & ENOUGH may also be used with adverbs.

He worked too slowly to be of much use of me.
The police ran fast enough to catch the thief.



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