Basic English Grammar 



Basic English Grammar :



A noun is a naming word. It can name anything - a person, animal, place, thing, quality, feeling, idea and so on. We can form nouns from verbs, adjectives and other nouns.

Example Paragraph :

The Principal, Mrs. Mani, announced that she would not allow such misbehaviour to occur again. Next time any student wanted to collect money to donate to the poor, he or she should enquire at the office and only if the office grants permission, can the student absent himself or herself during school hours to go to various residences. Besides, no student should go alone. Students should go in a group.

A pronoun is a word that stands for a name or for a person or thing or for a group of persons or things.

Example Paragraph :

On Jupiter, the children were awaiting the sun, which they had not seen for nine years. Rimi remembered the sun from her early life in India. Rimi was pining for the Sun. Rimi showed the children her longing. The children thought she was strange and the children locked her in a cupboard. Then the sun came out and the children forgot all about her. After the sun went in, they remembered her and they went to the cupboard to release her. She had taught them a lesson they would not soon forget.

Determiners are words that are used with nouns to clarify them.

Example Sentences :

1. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
2. There is no smoke without fire.
3. Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.
4. Many hands make light work.
5. Any time means no time.
6. Every cloud has a silver lining.
7. More haste, less speed.
8. Too many cooks spoil the broth.
9. All roads lead to Rome.
10. One man’s meat is another man’s poison.

A verb which rakes an object is called a transitive verb. A verb with no object is an intransitive verb.

Example Sentences :

1. The soldiers celebrated last week.
2. The children easily located the path through the woods.
3. Mother usually makes coffee in the morning.
4. My grandmother lived in Shimla during her childhood.
5. The boy held the puppy poodle.
6. Maria has been sitting on the bench for a very long time.
7. I consider the man trustworthy.
8. The teacher taught us the new vocabulary.
9. The teacher arrived because it was time for the class to begin.
10. Mohit went to the beach last Sunday.
11. The pirates hid the treasure quickly.
12. Debbie has been knitting all morning long.
13. I am reading Alice in Wonderland.
14. Simi waved at her friend across the hall.

Verbs are used in various tenses to indicate when an action occurred.

Example Paragraph :

VISITING HER MAJESTY

I traveled to London to visit the Queen of England. Being a clever fellow, I disguised myself as a prince and walked into Buckingham Palace as if I owned it. After receiving directions from the chambermaid, I stepped into the Queen’s bedroom and surprised Her Royal Highness with a hearty slap on the back. Then, of course, I tipped my hat, bowed and delivered the usual compliments. After uncorking a bottle of champagne, we exchanged pleasantries and talked about our families for over an hour. I showed her my photograph album and my stamp collection and she showed me hers. After a thoroughly entertaining visit, I traded addresses with Her Majesty and then kissed her goodbye - on the fingertip of her white gloves, of course.

An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. An adjective can be placed before or after the noun.

Example Sentences :

1. My father has bought a new car.
2. There aren’t many people at the cinema.
3. Ramesh is a clever boy.
4. All men are equal.
5. Here are some grapes.
6. Neither boy has done his homework.
7. That girl won the second prize.
8. There are tall trees on either side of the road.
9. Sita bought the very doll I wanted.
10. Whose house is on the 52nd street?

Adverbs are words that modify a verb, an adjective and another adverb.

Example Sentences :

1. She left yesterday for the university where she is doing a degree course.
2. We are standing outside his house waiting for him.
3. He told us angrily not to walk on the grass.
4. I am not strong enough to help him carry that box.
5. She will never be happy in that job.
6. Often, I saw him walking to the church.
7. My father is rarely late for work.
8. He drove quickly to avoid being late.
9. My mother always bakes a cake on Sunday.
10. This is the place where he fell last week.
11. It took nearly two hours to get here.
12. They were usually very friendly.
13. He has unusually strong hands.
14. She has just completed her degree course.
15. We just consult the dictionary for the meaning of new words.

A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases or sentences.

Example Sentences :

1. My purse is either lost or stolen.
2. Puneet likes Chinese food, but Parag doesn’t like it at all.
3. Mr. Jaiswal has been promoted twice this year, though he is unhappy.
4. She is very intelligent but lazy.
5. You will have to get up early, otherwise you will miss the bus.
6. Karan is a good leader as well as a popular one.
7. I am sure that the Principal will declare tomorrow a holiday.
8. We cannot give you admission since all the forms have been filled.
9. I could not believe it that she said that she was leaving.
10. I would not like to live in a place where I cannot meet my relatives.
11. Let us wait a few minutes more since the Chairman has not arrived.
12. He is neither innocent nor a fool.
13. I decided to participate in the elocution although I was unwilling to do so.
14. Either my brother or my sister will come.
15. Since the piper kept playing, the children kept dancing.
16. Kavita works harder than Kiran.
17. I do not know whether to go to New Delhi or to go to Mumbai.
18. Manju and Chitra are models.
19. After the teacher explained the chapter, he gave us printed notes.
20. Rama reads for pleasure, but Hari reads only for the examinations.



Basic English Grammar



Basic English Grammar To HOME PAGE

The Sentences Index



Basic English Grammar - Basic English Grammar - Basic English Grammar - Basic English Grammar - Basic English Grammar