Complex Sentences

Complex Sentences :

A Complex Sentence consists of a Main or Principal Clause (i.e., the Clause containing the main Verb of the Sentence) and one or more Dependent or Subordinate Clauses.

For example, take the sentence :

We all know that God helps those who help themselves.

This sentence consists of three Clauses.

(i) We all know (Main Clause).
(ii) that God helps those (Subordinate Noun Clause).
(iii) who help themselves. (Subordinate Adjective Clause).

The Clause (We all know) makes good sense by itself and can stand alone. It is therefore called the Main or Principal Clause.

The Clause (that God helps those) does not make good sense by itself and therefore cannot stand alone. It depends for its full meaning on the Clause - We all know. Such a Clause is called a Dependent or Subordinate Clause.

Again, the Clause (who help themselves) is connected with the Pronoun THOSE which it qualifies as an Adjective would do. It also cannot stand alone. It also is a Subordinate Clause.

Few more sample sentences :

(i) After their parents died, they shifted their family to Chennai.

(ii) Although today is a holiday, we open our store today.

(iii) When it is raining, my sister gets drenched.

(iv) When the train is fast coming towards us, we crossed the track quickly.

(v) The Chairman chose only those people who would help him make good decisions.

(vi) Whoever comes last has to close the doors and windows.

(vii) Whatever happens today, we have to begin the match today.

(viii) Since the fees for this course of study is costly, we dropped out.

Thus the sentence is a Complex Sentence consisting of one Main Clause and two Subordinate Clauses.

Samples Sentences of all types :

(i) Many are called, but few are chosen.

(ii) Man proposes, but God disposes.

(iii) When I heard the news I ran to console the poor woman who had lost her only child.

(iv) A widow is one whose husband is dead.

(v) They also serve who only stand and wait.

(vi) You will get what you want if you patiently wait and watch.

(vii) The people who live here are simple and hard-working.

(viii) Work while you work; play while you play.

(ix) He prayeth best who loveth best all things, both great and small.

(x) Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them.

(xi) Although Denise had some doubts, she found the courses very useful.


  1. A Sentence - 1
  2. A Sentence - 2
  3. A Sentence - 3
  4. The Structure of Sentences
  5. Kinds of Sentences
  6. A Clause and A Phrase
  7. The Noun Clause
  8. The Adjective Clause
  9. The Adverb Clause
  10. Adverb Clauses
  11. Adjective Clauses
  12. Noun Clauses
  13. Three Kinds of Clauses
  14. Sample Sentences with Clauses
  15. Simple Sentences ( Simple Sentence )
  16. Double Sentences
  17. Multiple Sentences
  18. Complex Sentences
  19. Attributive Adjuncts
  20. The Predicate
  21. Adverbial Adjuncts to Verb of Predicate
  22. Analysis of Sentences
  23. Contracted Sentences
  24. Analysis of Double Sentences
  25. Analysis of Multiple Sentences
  26. Rules for Analysing Double Sentences
  27. Rules for Analysing Multiple Sentences
  28. Analysis of Complex Sentences
  29. The Complex Sentences
  30. Analysis of Multiple Sentence
  31. The Transformation of Sentences
  32. Modes of Expressing A Condition in English Grammar
  33. Modes of Expressing A Concessional Clause
  34. Modes of Expressing A Contrasting Clause
  35. Interchange of Degrees of Comparison
  36. Synthesis of Sentences - 1
  37. Synthesis of Sentences - 2
  38. Synthesis of Sentences - 3
  39. The Principal Clause
  40. The Dependent Clause
  41. Verb in The Dependent Clause
  42. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
  43. Kinds of Sentences
  44. Direct and Indirect Speech
  45. A Sentence without E
  46. Parsed Sentence

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