Compound Conjunctions :
The following phrases which are used as conjunctions are called Compound Conjunctions.
1. As if
2. As though
4. As much as
5. As well as
6. As soon as
9. In order that
10. In order to
11. Even it
12. Even though
= AS THOUGH
As it would be if (something were true)
1. Why doesn't she buy us a drink?
2. It isn't as if she had no money.
AS IF and AS THOUGH - these two expressions are used in the same way.
1. It looks as if it's going to rain.
2. It looks as though it is going to rain.
3. You look as if you're going to cry.
4. You look as though you're going to cry.
5. You look as if you've been running. (You have not been running.)
6. You look as if you had had a bad dream. (You had not had a bad dream.)
7. You look as if you were hungry.
8. Janu laughed as if she had heard a very funny story.
Study the following sentences.
1. You look as if you are hungry.
2. She laughed as if she thought it funny.
3. It looks just as if it is going to rain.
4. The milk smells as if it is sour.
5. This bread tastes as if it has already gone bad.
6. It seems as if we shall have to run.
7. He looks as if he is half mad.
Note : It is good English to use the same tense after AS IF as before.
It is said we ought to use the past tense after AS IF and the present tense and the past tense after AS IF and the past simple tense.
1. Miss.Watson spoke as if she had known him all her life.
2. "You look as if you have caught a cold," said Raga to Ram.
3. "I feel as if I had not slept for a week," said Mr. Srisleep.
- (Compound Conjunctions)
When we say that two things are the similar in some way, we use AS……AS with an adjective or adverb.
1. The water is as cold as ice.
2. She drove as fast as she could.
3. She is as bad-tempered as her husband.
AS MUCH AS
With a noun, we use AS MUCH AS (or) AS MANY AS to talk about quantity.
1. I haven't got as much cash as I thought.
2. We need as many books as possible to build up the library.
3. I always eat as much as I can.
4. He didn't get as many as he'd hoped.
5. You ought to rest as much as possible.
AS WELL AS
AS WELL AS means NOT ONLY.
1. He's got a car as well as a van.
2. She's clever as well as beautiful.
When AS WELL AS is used with a verb, the –ING form of the verb is normally necessary.
1. As well as writing novels, he loves lecturing.
2. She's got a cleaning job at night, as well as working during the day.
3. She sings as well as playing the violin.
4. She not only plays, but also sings.
5. She sings as well as plays.
6. Her singing is as good as her playing.
Note the difference in meaning between the following two sentences.
1. She sings as well as playing the violin.
2. She sings as well as plays.
The Magistrate refused the request of the police official in as much as he thought it not reasonable.
AS SOON AS
- (Compound Conjunctions)
1. She took off her coat as soon as she entered the house.
2. He left the house as soon as we entered the house.
3. He paid the fees as soon as we warned him.
4. They informed us as soon as we asked them.
1. Providing….. That
1. Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here.
2. Only if there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here.
3. On condition that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here.
4. I will go provided you go too.
5. I will go provided that you go.
6. I will go providing that you go.
Note : Many words and expressions can be used with a meaning similar to IF (and with similar verb forms).(Compound Conjunctions)
4. As long as
5. on condition that
1. You can borrow money from me, provided you repay within a week.
2. I'll give you the day off on condition that you work on Sunday.
3. Supposing you failed in the examination, what would you do?
- with the purpose that
So (conjunction) : with the result that
1. I packed him a little food so that he wouldn't get hungry.
2. The Indians were wiped out so that American civilization might advance.
Note : Purpose can be expressed by means of an adverbial clause that begins with SO THAT or IN ORDER THAT.
1. We work so that we may earn money.
2. John waved so that Susan might see him.
3. Mr. Fergus moved his chair in order that I might see the picture better.
Note : It is simpler and better to use an infinitive to express purpose.
1. Men work in order to earn money.
2. John waved in order to enable Susana to see him.
3. Mr. Fergus moved his chair in order to let me see the picture better.
Study the following. (Compound Conjunctions)
1. Miss. Lila moved up to let the others sit down.
2. Mr. Fry stood up to let us pass.
3. Pal will call this evening so that we may meet his fiancée.
= EVEN THOUGH
- no matter if
Even if we would afford it, we wouldn't go abroad for our holidays. (=because we don't want to)
Even if we would afford it, we wouldn't go abroad for our holidays, because, we don't want to.
EVEN is an adverb.
It can be used to emphasize IF or THOUGH.
Even if I become a millionaire, I shall always like to lead a simple life.
Even though, I do not have money, I always enjoy life with all its splendours.
IN ORDER THAT
= SO THAT
1. He sold his car in order that we might live in peace with no debts.
2. Margaret ran in order that she might catch the bus.
3. He came in quietly in order that he shouldn't disturb his wife.
4. The notice was put up in order that all might know the facts.
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