Contracted Sentences

Contracted Sentences :

We have already read that a Double sentence is made up of two independent sentences joined together by a Coordinating Conjunction.

A Multiple sentence is one made up of more than two equal or independent sentences. The independent parts of which a Multiple sentence is made up are joined together by any of the Coordinating Conjunctions or by a Conjunctive Adverb.

(1) Cumulative

1. The sun rose and the fog dispersed.
2. He was not only accused, but also convicted.
3. She plays the piano and she also dances.
4. The poor as well as the rich were rewarded.
5. Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron-bars a cage.

Here in each sentence the Co-ordinate parts are simply linked or coupled together.

(2) Alternative

1. She must weep or she will die.
2. Either take it or leave if.
3. Neither a borrower nor a lender be.
4. Walk quickly or else you will miss the train.

Here in each sentence a choice is offered between one statement and another.

(3) Adversative

1. Many are called, but few are chosen.
2. He tried his best, nevertheless he failed.
3. He is rich, yet he is not happy.
4. He is foolish, but still his friends love him.

Here in each sentence one statement or fact is contrasted with or set against another.

(4) Illative (stating an inference)

1. He came back tired, for he had walked all day.
2. He is lazy, therefore he will fail.
3. He is ill, so he cannot go to school.
4. He is good at studies, so he will score more marks.
5. He is tall, so he will play basket-ball.

Here in each sentence one statement or fact is inferred or proved from another.

Co-ordinate clauses can also be joined together by a Relative Pronoun or Adverb, provided it is used in a continuative and not in a Restrictive sense.

1. He slew all the prisoners which (=and this) was a very barbarous act.

2. He went to Delhi where (=and there) he stayed ten days.

Contracted Sentences

Two or more co-ordinate clauses of a Double or Multiple sentences may be constructed without a coordinating conjunction. But in that case the co-ordinate clauses may be regarded as separate sentences.

1. The Mayor looked blue, so did the Corporation too.

Double sentences are often contracted.

For example…

(i) When there are two Predicates to the same Subject, there is no need to mention the Subject more than once.

1. The sun rose and (the sun) filled the sky with light.

2. He called at my house, but (he) left soon after.

(ii) When there are two Subjects to the same Predicate, we need not mention the Predicate more than once.

1. He as well as you is guilty (=He is guilty as well as you are guilty). (Cumulative)

2. Either this boy erred or his friends (erred) (Alternative.)

3. He is poor, but (he is) honest. (Adversative)

4. He is diligent and therefore (he) is prosperous. (Illative)


  1. A Sentence - 1
  2. A Sentence - 2
  3. A Sentence - 3
  4. The Structure of Sentences
  5. Kinds of Sentences
  6. A Clause and A Phrase
  7. The Noun Clause
  8. The Adjective Clause
  9. The Adverb Clause
  10. Adverb Clauses
  11. Adjective Clauses
  12. Noun Clauses
  13. Three Kinds of Clauses
  14. Sample Sentences with Clauses
  15. Simple Sentences ( Simple Sentence )
  16. Double Sentences
  17. Multiple Sentences
  18. Complex Sentences
  19. Attributive Adjuncts
  20. The Predicate
  21. Adverbial Adjuncts to Verb of Predicate
  22. Analysis of Sentences
  23. Contracted Sentences
  24. Analysis of Double Sentences
  25. Analysis of Multiple Sentences
  26. Rules for Analysing Double Sentences
  27. Rules for Analysing Multiple Sentences
  28. Analysis of Complex Sentences
  29. The Complex Sentences
  30. Analysis of Multiple Sentence
  31. The Transformation of Sentences
  32. Modes of Expressing A Condition in English Grammar
  33. Modes of Expressing A Concessional Clause
  34. Modes of Expressing A Contrasting Clause
  35. Interchange of Degrees of Comparison
  36. Synthesis of Sentences - 1
  37. Synthesis of Sentences - 2
  38. Synthesis of Sentences - 3
  39. The Principal Clause
  40. The Dependent Clause
  41. Verb in The Dependent Clause
  42. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
  43. Kinds of Sentences
  44. Direct and Indirect Speech
  45. A Sentence without E
  46. Parsed Sentence

Contracted Sentences :

Contracted Sentences To HOME PAGE

The Sentences Index

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