Defective Verbs :
The Auxiliary Verbs
The Auxiliary Verbs are BE, HAVE, SHALL, WILL, MAY and DO.
BE = This verb is used as copula (= linking verb).
HAVE = This verb is used as perfect aspect.
SHALL = This verb is used as deontic modality.
WILL = This verb is used as deontic modality.
MAY = This verb is used as deontic modality.
DO = This verb is used to support / emphasis.
None but these six are rightly called Auxiliary…because none but these six are used for helping other Verbs to form those Tenses which cannot be formed by inflection.
There is no Infinitive Mood to this Verb. It has two different uses.
(a) As a Principal Verb, Transitive, with Infinitive as Object :
1. It may be true.
2. They may compete in the competition.
3. He may give you money.
4. She may come today.
5. I may order those books in AMAZON.
6. It may cancel the tickets.
7. Our sister may be coming to see us tomorrow.
8. We may be late for the meeting. Already it is past 10 am.
9. There may be very many people in the function.
1. You may now go.
2. He may take the examinations hereafter.
3. They may come tomorrow.
4. May I come in?
(b) As an Auxiliary, for forming a Subjunctive equivalent :
1. He eats that he may live. (Purpose)
2. May heaven protect you! (Wish)
The past tense of MAY is MIGHT.
1. He might see you tomorrow.
2. This dress might be very expensive.
3. It’s quite normal. It might not rain today.
4. She asked if she might borrow the bike.
5. He wanted to know if he might come later.
6. Might he ask you a question?
7. Might we just interrupt for a second?
MAY HAVE and MIGHT HAVE are used to express the event that has happened now or happened at in the recent past.
1. It is midnight now. He might have arrived now.
2. They might have arrived hours ago.
4. By this time, she might have gone to her native in India.
3. He may have passed the exam.
The following Verbs are called Defective
, because they cannot be used in all the Moods and Tenses.
Can, ought, must, dare, need
RELATED PAGES :
- The Verb
- The Auxiliary Verbs
- Subject-Verb Agreement - 1
- Subject-Verb Agreement - 2
- The English Verb
- Basic Form of The Verb
- Principal Parts of A Verb
- Non-finite Form of The Verb
- The Intensive Forms of English Verbs
- Verbal Idioms
- Confusing Verbs
- Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
- Sentences with Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
- Two Auxiliaries with One Principal Verb
- One Auxiliary with Two Principal Verbs
- Words Used as Verbs
- Intransitive Verb of Complete Predication
- Intransitive Verb of Incomplete Predication
- Defective Verbs
- Strong Verbs
- Tests of A Strong Verb
- Wholly Strong Strong Verbs
- Partly Strong Strong Verbs
- List of Strong Verbs
- Weak Verbs
- Tests of A Weak Verb
- List of Weak Verbs
- Mixed Verbs
- Strong Verbs Becoming Partly Weak Verbs
Defective Verbs :
Defective Verbs To HOME PAGE
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