Demonstration of Relative Pronouns



Demonstration of Relative Pronouns :



Study the following.

(1) Blessed is he / who / has discovered himself.

Antecedent 'he' < Relative Pronoun —> subject of HAS who - combines two sentences

Blessed is he &
who has discovered himself (Adjective clause)


(2) He / who hesitates / is lost
He is lost - Main Clause
who hesitates - Adjective clause qualifies 'He'
who - Relative Pronoun / He – Antecedent


(3) They never fail who die in a great cause.
They, who die in a great cause, never fail.
They never fail - Principal clause
who die in a great cause - Adjective clause
who - Relative Pronoun
Its antecedent - is "They"


(4) They are slaves / who dare not be with two or three.
They are slaves - Principal clause
who dare not be with two or three - Sub clause
Adjective clause - qualifies the antecedent 'slaves'


(5) The sun, whose rays give life to the earth, was regarded by the ancient people as a God.
Main clause - The sun was regarded by the ancient people as a God.
whose — Relative Pronoun
Antecedent - The Sun
Sub clause (Adjective) Whose rays give life to the earth.


(6) The moment, which is lost, is lost forever.
The moment is lost forever - main clause
which is lost - Adjective clause
which - Relative Pronoun
The moment – Antecedent


(7) Uneasy lies the head / that wears the crown.
Uneasy lies the head - Main Clause
that wears the crown - Adjective clause
the head - Antecedent
that - Relative Pronoun


(8) He / that is slow to anger / is better than the mighty.

He is better than the mighty - Principal clause
that is slow to anger - Adjective clause
That - Relative Pronoun
He - Antecedent


(9) All is not gold / that glitters.
Principal clause Adjective clause
that - Relative pronoun
gold – Antecedent


(10) I say what I mean.
I say that which I mean.
I say - Main clause
what I mean - noun clause
Object of 'say' [or] what - relative pronoun
Antecedent is – that which I say


There is no Hindu but knows the story of Lord Rama.
but - Relative Pronoun
but - when used after a negative has the force of a Relative Pronoun
that which I say.


There is no man but wishes to earn more.
There is no life but has some problem.
There is no life which has no problem.


Few and short were the sermons / we uttered.
Few and short were the sermons that we uttered.
That - Relative Pronoun - Understood


I am monarch of all / I survey.
I am monarch of all that I survey.
That - Relative Pronoun - Understood


Men must reap the things / they sow.
Men must reap the things which they sow.
which - Relative Pronoun - (Understood)


Who works not, shall not eat.
He who works not shall not eat.
(He - antecedent of who - Understood)


Who laughs last, laughs best.
[He who laughs last, laughs best.]
(He - antecedent - Understood)


Who has lost all hope has also lost all fear.
[He who has lost all hope, has also lost all fear]
who - Relative Pronoun
(He - antecedent - understood)


I / who am your commander / will lead you.
who - Relative Pronoun
I – Antecedent
who - refers to I
Hence 'am' verb - First Person
Verb 'am' - is used


You, who are victorious must be generous.
You - Antecedent of 'who' - Hence verb - 'are' has to be used.


He, that is down, needs fear no fall.
[That - Antecedent - refers to 'He'. Hence - 'is' – is used]


The girl, who was burnt to death, in the examination hall, was the daughter of a Minister.
who - Relative Pronoun, should be placed as near as possible to its Antecedent


Note : The girl was the daughter of a Minister who was burnt to death in the examination hall - (meaning is changed)] so - not correct.

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Demonstration of Relative Pronouns