Direct Speech to Indirect Speech



Direct Speech to Indirect Speech :



In the following examples an assertion, a question and an imperative are mixed up in the same speech.

Direct Speech : And he said, "I will arise and go to my father and will say unto him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and before thee and am no more worthy to be called thy son and make me as one of thy hired servants."” (New Testament)

Indirect Speech : And he said that he would arise and go to his father and would confess that he had sinned against heaven and against him and was no more worthy to be called his son and that he would entreat his father to make him as one of his hired servants.



Direct Speech : "What is this strange outcry?" said Socrates, "I sent the women away mainly in order that they might not offend in this way and for I have heard that a man should die in peace. Be quiet then and have patience."

Indirect Speech : Socrates inquired of them what that strange outcry was. He reminded them that he had sent the women away mainly in order that they might not offend in that way and for he had heard that a man should die in peace. He begged them therefore to be quiet and have patience.



Direct Speech : The teacher became angry with the student and said, "Why have you again disturbed the class in this way? I have told you before that you should be silent when I am speaking. Leave the room and do not return again today."

Indirect Speech : The teacher became angry with the student and asked him why he had again disturbed the class in that way. He reminded him that he had told him before that he should be silent when he (the teacher) was speaking. He therefore ordered him to leave the room, and forbade him to return again that day.



Direct Speech : The speaker said, "I entirely object to the proposal. Have you considered all that it involves? Gentlemen, I entreat you to be cautious."

Indirect Speech : The speaker told the audience that he entirely objected to the proposal. He asked them if they had considered all that it involved and entreated them to be cautious.



Direct Speech :

Prospero said, "Can you remember a time before you came to this cell? I think you cannot, for you were not then three years of age."

"Certainly 1 can, sir," replied Miranda.

"By what?" asked Prospero; "by any other house or person? Tell me what you can remember, my child."

Miranda said, "It seems to me like the recollection of a dream. But had 1 not four or five women who attended upon me?"

Indirect Speech :

Prospero asked Miranda if she could remember a time before she came to that cell, and observed that he thought she could not, for she was not then three years of age.

Miranda replied respectfully that she certainly could remember.

Prospero inquired of her if she remembered it by any other house or person and asked her tenderly to tell him what she could remember.

Miranda told him that it seemed to her like the recollection of a dream, and asked her father if she had not had four or five women who attended upon her.



Direct Speech :

Oliver : My dear brother, welcome! When did you arrive here?
Charles : Today and can you guess why I have come?
Oliver : No.
Charles : I want a situation.
Oliver : For yourself?
Charles : Yes.
Oliver : Then I suppose you expect me to help you to one.
Charles : Exactly.

Indirect Speech :

Oliver welcomed his brother Charles affectionately and asked him when he had arrived there. Charles replied that he had arrived that day and asked him if he could guess why he had come. Oliver replied that he could not. Charles said that he wanted a situation. Oliver inquired whether he wanted it for himself. Charles replied that he did. Oliver then asked him whether he expected him to help him to one. Charles replied that that was exactly what he did expect.



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