Emphatic Pronouns

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Emphatic Pronouns :

In modem English we use object pronouns (me, him, her, it, you, us and them) rather than subject pronouns (I, he, she, it, you, we and they) after the verb BE (= am / is / are / was / were).

Who’s there?
It’s me.

We also use object pronouns when we use a pronoun alone in an answer.

Who has taken my ruler?
Me. (not I)

We can use object pronouns after THAN and AS in comparisons.

I am older than him.
You are not as tall as me.

But, in formal English, we use a subject pronoun + verb.

I am older than he is.
You are not as tall as 1 am.

We can use YOU to mean people in general, including you and me.

You can buy this book anywhere.
You should be careful about what you say.

The pronoun ONE is used with this meaning in formal English.

One should be careful about what one says.

We can use THEY to mean people in general, excluding you and me.

They speak Urdu in this shop.
They say he is a good doctor.

After someone, somebody, anyone, anybody, everyone and everybody we normally use they / them / their, though the verb is singular.

Somebody has left their cap here.
Everybody was asked what they thought.
If anybody comes, tell them I’m not in.

We use reflexive pronouns (myself, himself, herself, itself, yourself, ourselves, themselves) to show that the subject and the object are the same.

Gopi hurt himself when he fell over.

The subject GOPI and the object HIMSELF refer to the same person.

Ramya is looking at herself in the mirror.
We watched ourselves on video.

We can also use reflexive pronouns for emphasis.

That person and nobody else….

Mr. Das repaired the computer himself (Nobody else repaired it).
I have solved the crossword myself.

When used in this way, these pronouns are sometimes called emphatic pronouns.

Emphatic Pronouns

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