English Language :
: verb - Past tense of MAY
negative short form – mightn’t
modal + verb
1. He might come, but it is very unlikely. [come - infinitive without TO]
2. I thought it might rain. [rain - infinitive without TO]
3. You might think you are clever. [think - infinitive without TO]
4. Peter might phone. [phone - infinitive without TO]
: (verb) - (modal + verb) - to be able to
negative short form - can't
1. He is so tall he can touch the ceiling.
2. He is so tall he is able to touch the ceiling. [touch - infinitive without TO]
3. Can you lift this box? (Are you able to lift this box?)
4. I'm sure we can settle this problem. [settle - infinitive without TO]
5. You can go now.
6. You can borrow my car tomorrow.
7. I can see some famous people.
8. I can see some famous people now in the picture book.
: (verb - Past tense of CAN - describes CAN in the past
negative short form - couldn't
1. I could run very fast when I was a school boy.
2. He said we could smoke. (His actual words were….you can smoke.)
3. This new project could create 10,000 new jobs.
4. The government could do a lot more to help small business.
5. I could marry him if I wanted to. (I would be able to...)
6. You could be right.
7. Could I see you tomorrow evening?
[smoke, create, do - infinitives without TO]
: (verb) - shows what it is necessary for me to do -
negative short form - mustn't
(modal + verb)
(past - usually had to)
(What one ought to do) or (What one is forced to do….)
1. I must leave at five today. [leave - infinitive without TO]
2. Prams must be left outside the shop. Ibe - infinitive without TO]
3. I must admit I don't like her. [I have to admit that I don't like her.]
4. You must go and see that new film. [go - infinitive without TO]
5. You must go and see that new film. see - infinitive without TO]
6. I am in love. That must be nice. [be - infinitive without TO]
The Infinitive without TO is also used after the verbs shall, will, do, did, should, would, may, might, can, could and must.
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