English Vocabulary

English Vocabulary :

Study the following.

1. I am not averse to working hard.
2. I have no aversion to working hard.
3. I do not smoke cigarettes. But I am not averse to having other's smoking.
4. She has an aversion to cats.
5. She has an aversion to doing the house work.
6. My friend is averse to playing cards.
7. She has hardly any chance of succeeding in the examination.
8. Rukmani Devi excels in dancing.
9. She is an expert in inventing stories.
10. I am fond of telling stories.
11. I insisted on having my way.
12. She has always the knack of doing right things.
13. The Police were prohibited from entering the campus.
14. The Police was right in suspecting him.
15. I am tired of making love.
16. I have the privilege of knowing the cines tars intimately.
17. It was only a pretext for not granting the loan.

Note : Some words require prepositions, followed by a gerund or a verbal noun only. No infinitive should be used with these words.

Study the following Sentences.

1. I'm afraid I'm going to have to ask you leave.
2. Don't be afraid to ask for help.
3. I didn't tell her because I was afraid of upsetting her.
4. I am not afraid of telling lies.
5. I am not afraid of telling the truth.
6. I'll soon get into the way of doing things.
7. It's hard to get down to work after a nice holiday.
8. I must really get down to filling in my tax form.
9. I at last got the opportunity of meeting my lady love.
10. I at last got the opportunity to meet her.

Note : Sometimes both gerund or verbal noun and infinitives follow the prepositions.

Study the Sentences.

1. My wife advised me to desist from that work.
2. The accused declined to say anything.
3. I do not expect him to come.
4. It is rather difficult to get access to the Minister.
5. I hope to win the Nobel Prize for my novel.
6. We are always inclined to judge things on the face value.
7. I do not intend to play the fool in my life.

Note : Certain words always take the infinitive after them.

Where have you been? (Correct)
Where have you been to? (Not correct)
(TO preposition is not necessary)

My father is about eighty years old. (Correct)
My father is of about eighty years old. (Not correct)
(OF is not necessary)

Having done my job, I left the place. (Correct)
After having done my job, I left the place. (Incorrect)
(AFTER is not necessary)

Of what use is it? (Correct)
What use is it? (Incorrect)

My behaviour admits no excuse. (Not correct)
My behaviour admits of no excuse. (Correct)

English Vocabulary

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