Formation of Adjectives



Formation of Adjectives :



We use suffixes to form adjectives from nouns, verbs or other adjectives.

Some common suffixes used are ….

able

1. advise — advisable
2. comfort — comfortable
3. favour — favourable
4. honour — honourable
5. love — lovable
6. memory — memorable
7. profit — profitable
8. value — valuable

ible

1. access - accessible
2. contempt — contemptible
3. permit — permissible
4. terror – terrible

al

1. accident — accidental
2. autumn — autumnal
3. biology — biological
4. brute — brutal
5. centre — central
6. crime — criminal
7. economy - economical
8. face - facial
9. geography - geographical
10. habit - habitual
11. herb - herbal
12. history - historical
13. machine - mechanical

ar

1. angle - angular
2. circle — circular
3. rectangle — rectangular
4. table — tabular
5. triangle — triangular

ate

1. affection - affectionate
2. compassion - compassionate
3. passion — passionate

en

1. maid - maiden
2. silk - silken
3. wood - wooden

ful

1. beauty - beautiful
2. care — careful
3. cheer - cheerful
4. duty — dutiful
5. harm - harmful
6. hope - hopeful
7. mercy - merciful
8. peace — peaceful
9. respect - respectful
10. thought — thoughtful
11. use — useful

less

1. care - careless
2. cheer — cheerless
3. harm — harmless
4. hope — hopeless
5. mercy — merciless
6. thought — thoughtless
7. use — useless

ic

1. angel — angelic
2. atmosphere - atmospheric
3. hero — heroic
4. poet — poetic
5. science - scientific
6. sympathy - sympathetic

ish

0. book — bookish 1. boy - boyish
2. child – childish
3. fever — feverish
4. fool - foolish
5. girl — girlish

ive

1. express — expressive
2. sensitiveness - sensitive
3. talk - talkative

ly

1. brother — brotherly
2. coward — cowardly
3. day — daily
4. father - fatherly
5. friend — friendly
6. hour — hourly
7. king — kingly
8. month - monthly
9. mother - motherly
10. night — nightly
11. scholar - scholarly
12. sister - sisterly
13. week - weekly
14. year - yearly

(But when we add ly to the adjective brave, the word formed, that is, bravely, is an Adverb - not an adjective.)

ous

1. adventure - adventurous
2. bulb - bulbous
3. danger — dangerous
4. fame — famous
5. glory - glorious
6. industry - industrious
7. virtue — virtuous

some

1. quarrel — quarrelsome
2. tire - tiresome
3. trouble - troublesome
4. worry - worrisome

y

1. anger — angry
2. blood - bloody
3. ease - easy
4. flower — flowery
5. gloom — gloomy
6. haste - hasty
7. hill - hilly
8. hunger - hungry
9. length — lengthy
10. might - mighty
11. need — needy
12. rain - rainy
13. stone — stony
14. sun - sunny
15. thirst — thirsty
16. wind - windy
17. worth — worthy

Few sentences with adjectives :

1. Dasharath decided that Ram would become the king as he was quite worthy.

2. It is dangerous to drive at a high speed within the city.

3. Nobody likes to work with that lady because she is very quarrelsome.

4. Mr. Kapoor always donates to poor children and other needed people.

5. Rita fits in very well in her new school because she is very friendly by nature.

6. Mohan keeps getting remarks in his diary because he is talkative.

7. Henu drew the face with a bulby nose.

8. We decided to subscribe to the monthly issue of the magazine.

9. Leela did not like the book because she thought the story to be quite childish.

10. I hope you find the bed comfortable, I just bought it yesterday.



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Formation of Adjectives