Formation of Adverbs



Formation of Adverbs :



We often change an adjective into an adverb by adding IY. When this happens, the adjective does not usually change its spelling.

Adjective…..Adverb

1. Late…..Lately
2. Hopeful…..hopefully
3. Definite…..definitely
4. Right…..rightly
5. Real…..really
6. Complete…..completely
7. Glad…..gladly
8. Medical…..medically


One spelling may be carefully noted. The final E is not dropped (completely) and if the adjective ends in L, the adverb will have LL. (real - really).


(ii) Final Y changes to I before LY.

1. Happy….happily
2. Easy…..easily
3. Dry……drily


(iii) If an adjective ends in LE, the adverb has LY instead of LELY.

1. Noble…..nobly
2. Idle…..idly


(iv) If an adjective ends in IC, the adverb ends in CALLY.

1. Tragic…..tragically
2. Domestic…..domestically
3. Dramatic…..dramatically
4. Terrific…..terrifically


(v) Exceptions :

1. Truly
2. Duly
3. Wholly
4. Fully
5. Shyly
6. Slyly
7. Publically


Adverbs of manner are usually formed from adjectives by adding LY.

1. Clever…..cleverly
2. Wise…..wisely
3. Kind…..kindly
4. Foolish…..foolishly
5. Quick…..quickly
6. Beautiful…..beautifully

When the adjective ends in Y preceded by a consonant, Y gets change to I and then LY is added.

1. Happy…..happily
2. Ready…..readily
3. Heavy…..heavily


(iii) When the adjective ends in LE, simply changed E into Y.

1. Single…..singly
2. Double…..doubly


Study the following.

Adjective + Noun = Adverb

1. Some + times = sometimes
2. Mean + times = meantimes
3. Mean + while = meanwhile
4. Yester + day = yesterday
5. Mid + way = midway
6. Other + wise = otherwise


Note that some adverbs are made up of a noun and qualifying adjective.

Note the following adverbs.

AFOOT : (adjective - adverb)

1. Old use – moving – especially on foot
2. Especially something bad
3. Being prepared or in operation

1. There is a plan afoot to pull down my old house.
2. There is some strange manoeuvre afoot.


AFLOAT : (adjective - adverb)

1. Floating on water
2. At sea

1. Please, help me get the boat afloat.
2. How long did you spend afloat? (On ship)


AFLOAT : out of debt

The company somehow managed to keep afloat.


ABED - (adjective) - old use - in bed

Not in use as adverb


ASLEEP : adjective – sleeping - can be used as an adverb also

He fell asleep.


FELL ASLEEP - to go into a state of sleep




Formation of Adverbs



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