Forms of Complement

Forms of Complement :

Some Transitive Verbs take one object only, but still require some word or words to make the predication complete.

The additional word or words by which the predication is made complete are called the Complement.

1. He put the school (Object) into good order. (Complement)

2. His worries drove him (Object) mad. (Complement)

3. They made him (Object) laugh. (Complement)

There is no sense in saying 'he put the school' 'his worries drove him' and they made him.' Hence each Verb must have a Complement.

Forms of Complement

The Complement may be in seven different forms.

1. A Noun
2. An Adjective
3. A Participle
4. A Preposition with its Object
5. An Infinitive Verb
6. An Adverb
7. A Noun Clause

Example Sentences with the Complements in different forms :

(a) They made him king. (Noun)
(b) The judge set the prisoner free. (Adjective)
(c) They found her still weeping. (Participle)
(d) This plot filled us all with terror. (Preposition with Object)
(e) The judge sentenced the prisoner to be hanged. (Infinitive)
(f) They found the man asleep. (Adverb)
(g) We have made him what he is. (Clause)
Omission of The Relative as Object

This occurs in two kinds of sentences.

(a) When the Verb is Transitive…

(b) When the Verb is Intransitive, but followed by a Preposition…

This never occurs, however, when the Relative is used in Continuative sense.

1. The books I bought cost three rupees.

2. The house we occupied has fallen down.
3. The man I engaged has now come.
4. He was not careful about the food he ate.
5. The house we lived in has fallen down.
6. The chairs we sat on need new seats.
7. We have at last got the thing we fought for.
8. I have brought the book you spoke about.
9. They have given away the old-dresses you suggested.
10. The school gave admission to the students you recommended.

Supply the Relative Pronoun that is understood in each of the above sentences.

Transitive Verbs used Intransitively

There are two ways in which Transitives can become Intransitive.

(a) When the Verb is used in such a general sense that no object or objects are thought of in using it.

1. Men eat to maintain life.
2. A new-born child sees. But a kitten is born blind.

(b) When the Reflexive Pronoun is omitted…

1. He drew (himself) near me. Move (yourself) forward.


  1. The Verb
  2. Kinds of Verbs
  3. Object to The Verb
  4. Subject of The Verb
  5. Transitive Verbs
  6. Forms of The Object and Transitive Verb
  7. Position of The Object and Transitive Verb
  8. Noun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  9. Pronoun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  10. Infinitive as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  11. Gerund as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  12. Phrase as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  13. Clause as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  14. Relative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  15. Interrogative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  16. Double Objects and Transitive Verbs
  17. Direct Objects and Transitive Verbs
  18. Indirect Objects and Transitive Verbs
  19. Transitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  20. Complement
  21. Omission of The Relative as Object
  22. Transitive Verbs used Intransitively
  23. Intransitive Verbs
  24. Intransitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  25. Intransitive Verbs of Complete Predication
  26. Subjective Complement
  27. Objective Complement
  28. Cognate or Kindred
  29. Cognate Noun
  30. Cognate Object
  31. Intransitive Verbs in A Causal Sense
  32. Prepositional Verbs
  33. Object to Active Verb
  34. Subject to Passive Verb
  35. Agent of The Verb
  36. Retained Object of The Verb in Active Voice
  37. The Direct Object of the Active Verb
  38. The Indirect Object of the Active Verb
  39. The Infinitive Mood of Verbs
  40. Sixteen Forms of A Verb
  41. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Active Voice
  42. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Passive Voice
  43. Do and Did

Forms of Complement :

Forms of Complement To HOME PAGE

The Sentences Index

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