Historic Present Tense :
The Simple Form of the Present can be used to denote the following.
(a) What is always and necessarily true…
1. The sun shines by day and the moon by night.
2. Things equal to the same thing are equal to one another.
3. The Sun rises in the East.
4. The capital of India is New Delhi.
5. If it is 5 o’clock, they visit their factory.
(b) What is permanent or habitual in life or character….
1. He keeps his promises.
2. He has good health.
3. He goes by this road.
4. They come after 4 pm only.
5. She reads the company documents only in the night.
(c) What is present, provided that present time is implied by the context…
1. I understand what you say.
2. The door is open. It is not shut.
3. They seek your help.
4. My father repays our home-loans.
5. Your sister keeps your rooms clean and neat.
What is future, provided that future time is implied by the context….
1. He comes (=will come) in a few days' time.
2. When do you (=will you) start for Chennai?
3. When does he pay his tuition fees?
4. What do your parents do for earnings?
5. How does your brother do these days?
What is past, provided that the event expressed by the verb is known to be past. (This is called the Historic or Graphic present
1. Babar now leads (=then led) his men through the Khyber pass and enters (=entered) the plains of India.
2. The King of England punishes the people for their unlawful acts.
3. Chola Kings wins the war with his arch rival Cheran King.
The simple form of the present tense is also used for stage directions in plays.
1. Anne crosses the room and locks the door.
2. King Lear now walks into the stage and keeps on shouting at his workers.
The Simple Present Tense most commonly used in academics. Because, academic writings and materials are usually concerning with what is and is not the case. It is worth of noting here that only abstracts and the core concepts are most often presented in the present tense. This is because the abstracts and the core concepts are primarily to talk about the paper itself. Although the background information might have taken place in the past, they are submitted only in the present. As such, background information is often given in the present tense.
RELATED PAGES :
- Tenses in English Grammar
- Uses of Tenses
- Uses of Simple Present Tense
- Uses of Present Continuous Tense
- Uses of Present Perfect Tense
- Uses of Simple Past Tense
- Uses of Past Continuous Tense
- Uses of Past Perfect Tense
- Uses of Simple Future Tense
- Uses of Future Continuous Tense
- Uses of Future Perfect Tense
- Graphic Present Tense
- Pluperfect Tense
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