Kinds of Cases in English



Kinds of Cases in English :



The relation, in which a noun stands to some other word in the sentence or the change of form by which this relation is indicated, is called the Case.

There are five Cases in English.

(i) The Nominative Case
(ii) The Vocative Case
(iii) The Genitive Case (The Possessive Case)
(iv) The Accusative Case
(v) The Dative Case

When a Noun is used as the Subject to a Verb, it is in the Nominative Case.

When a Noun is used for the sake of address, it is in the Vocative Case.

When a Noun is used as the Direct Object of a Verb, it is in The Accusative Case.

When a Noun is used as the Object to a Preposition, it is also said to be in the Accusative Case.

When a Noun is used as the Indirect Object of a Verb, it is in The Dative Case.

The Genitive (or Possessive) Case usually denotes relationship or ownership.

Rain falls. (Nominative of Subject)
Birds fly. (Nominative of Subject)
Tiger roars. (Nominative of Subject)
Are you coming, father? (Vocative Case)
Sir, may I come in? (Vocative Case)
The man killed the rat. (Accusative Case)
They bought a house. (Accusative Case)
The earth is moistened by rain. (Accusative Case)
He gave the man a rupee. (Dative Case)

The Genitive (or Possessive) Case usually denotes relationship or ownership. It is formed by adding's (which is called apostrophe s) to the noun as following.

Plural — men's
Singular — man's

Omission of 's' :

There are three kinds of instances in which the apostrophe s is omitted.

(1) After all Plural Nouns ending in s such as…

Horses' tails
The birds' nests
The dogs' kennels

(2) Whenever the last syllable of a Singular Noun begins and ends with s such as…

Moses' laws

(But we must say Venus's beauty and James's hat where the last syllable only ends with s.)

(3) Whenever the last syllable of a Singular Noun ends with S or CE and the Noun is followed by the word sake such as….

Conscience' sake
For goodness' sake

Sentences with nouns in The Genitive (or Possessive) Case :

My sister’s son is going to Sweden on a project.
His parents’ bungalow is sold out for a huge price.
Their friends’ certificates were gutted down in the fire accident.
My daughter’s exam comes on next Monday.
Animals’ welfare should be taken care of by the government.

RELATED PAGES :



  1. Noun and Case
  2. The Nominative Case
  3. The Subjective Case
  4. The Straight Case
  5. The Upright Case
  6. Nominative Case Pronouns
  7. Nominative Pronouns
  8. The Vocative Case
  9. The Genitive Case
  10. The Possessive Case
  11. The Accusative Case
  12. The Objective Case
  13. The Dative Case
  14. Uses of The Genitive Case
  15. Genitive Case in Phrases
  16. Genitive Case in Apposition
  17. The Noun
  18. Kinds of Nouns
  19. Kinds of Nouns in English
  20. Types of Nouns in English
  21. Correct Usage of Nouns
  22. Classification of Nouns
  23. Proper Nouns
  24. Common Nouns
  25. Abstract Nouns
  26. Collective Nouns
  27. Nouns of Multitude
  28. Material Nouns
  29. Compound Nouns
  30. Concrete Nouns
  31. Countable Nouns
  32. Uncountable Nouns
  33. Count Nouns
  34. Mass Nouns
  35. Pronouns
  36. Abstract Nouns formed from Adjectives
  37. Abstract Nouns formed from Common Nouns
  38. Abstract Nouns formed from Verbs
  39. Abstract Nouns of the same form as Verbs
  40. Absolute Phrases
  41. Noun and Gender
  42. Nouns and Gender
  43. Masculine Nouns and Feminine Nouns
  44. Masculine Nouns
  45. Feminine Nouns
  46. Ways of forming the feminine of nouns
  47. Exceptional Masculine Nouns and Feminine Nouns
  48. Exceptional Feminine Nouns
  49. Foreign Feminine Nouns
  50. Nouns in Common Gender
  51. Common Gender Nouns
  52. Neuter Pronouns
  53. Neuter Gender Nouns
  54. Gender of Personified Things
  55. Noun and Case
  56. Kinds of Cases in English
  57. Noun and Number
  58. Singular and Plural
  59. Singular Nouns and Plural Nouns
  60. Ways of forming plurals
  61. Formation of Plurals
  62. Compound Nouns and Plurals
  63. Noun Infinitive
  64. Noun to Verb
  65. The Noun


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