Kinds of Mood in English

Kinds of Mood in English :

There are three kinds of mood in English.

(i) Indicative Mood
(ii) Imperative Mood
(iii) Subjunctive Mood

1. They go to the college.
2. My father works in a factory.
3. The school reopens on coming Monday.
4. He walks along the Ganges.
5. You have to submit your application today.

These sentences simply state what is happening. These sentences speak about the facts. They are called sentences in Indicative Mood.

1. Get up early to prepare for the parade.
2. Commit yourself for your well-being.
3. Ask him to come here by 7 pm.
4. Prepare for this examination.
5. Typewrite your answers and send it to us.

In the above sentences, only commands are used. The receiveres of these messages are commanded to ad an action. So, these sentences are called sentences in Imperative Mood.

1. We expect that he come to the function.
2. He dreamed that his sister become a doctor.
3. It is important that they students be warned before the exams.
4. If I had more money, I would buy this house.
5. They are required that he go to the college.

In the above sentences, the action is not taking place. It is only expected or dreamed or stated to be important or wished or required. If the sentence is prepared with one of these intentions, it is called in subjunctive mood.

Kinds of Mood in English

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