Kinds of Objects



Kinds of Objects :



Retained Object of The Verb in Active Voice

Verbs which take two Objects after them in the Active Voice can still retain one in the Passive. This Object may be either.

(a) The Indirect Object of the Active Verb

I forgave him his fault. (Active Verb)
His fault was forgiven him by me. (Passive Verb)

They gave him a book. (Active Verb)
A book was given him by them. (Passive Verb)

She teaches us English. (Active Verb)
English is taught us by her. (Passive Verb)

Who taught her French? (Active Verb)
By whom was French taught her? (Passive Verb)

(b) The Direct Object of the Active Verb

I forgave him his fault. (Active Verb)
He was forgiven his fault by me. (Passive Verb)

They gave him a book. (Active Verb)
He was given a book by them. (Passive Verb)

She teaches us English. (Active Verb)
We are taught English by her. (Passive Verb)

Who taught her French? (Active Verb)
By whom was she taught French? (Passive Verb)

It has now been shown that there are four different Kinds of Objects which can be used with Verbs.

(1) Direct (with Transitive Verbs) : He taught English.

(2) Indirect (with Transitive Verbs) : He taught his sons English.

(3) Retained (with Passive Verbs) : His sons were taught English.

(4) Cognate (with Intransitive Verbs) : The fever must run its course.

Whenever a Transitive Verb of Incomplete Predication is changed from the Active Voice to the Passive, the Objective Complement becomes a Subjective one.

Active Voice and Complement to Object

1. They proclaimed him king.
2. They did not crown him king.

Passive Voice and Complement to Subject

1. He was proclaimed king by them.
2. He was not crowned king by them.

Here are some more examples of the interchange of Active and Passive Voices.

One should keep one's promises. (Active Verb)
Promises should be kept. (Passive Verb)

They told us to walk on the left. (Active Verb)
We were told to walk on the left. (Passive Verb)

Give the order. (Active Verb)
Let the order be given. (Passive Verb)

The telegraph wires have been cut. (Active Verb)
Someone has cut the telegraph wires. (Passive Verb)

Let all the doors be shut. (Active Verb)
Shut all the doors. (Passive Verb)

He was refused admission. (Active Verb)
They refused him admission. (Passive Verb)

Example Sentences with Active Voice and Passive Voice :

1. We refused them admission.
2. The Principal promised us a holiday.
3. Who taught her English?
4. The boys were playing football on the new ground.
5. They kept us waiting.
6. We shall be blamed by our friends.
7. We elected Latif captain.
8. Do not leave waste paper on the grass.
9. Who wrote this letter to her?
10. We asked them to keep to the left.
11. The President appointed him governor.
12. Shall we ever forget those good old days?
13. He teaches us Grammar.
14. Alas! We shall hear her voice no more.
15. When will you pay your fees?
16. I was greatly annoyed by his words and manner.
17. The policeman caught him asleep.
18. The city welcomed them back on their return from the battlefield.
19. Will not a sense of duty persuade him to work better?
20. We raised many objections.
21. He was struck by lightning.
22. Who rang the bell?
23. Whom did they blame for that unfortunate accident?
24. I saw a film that amused me very much.
25. He promised me a present.
26. The town was destroyed by an earthquake.
27. My pocket has been picked.
28. Give a paisa to the beggar.
29. Why should we be suspected by you?
30. Why did you insult that poor woman?
31. We must listen to his words.
32. We expected good news.
33. They laughed at his warning.
34. Did your uncle pay your school fees?

RELATED PAGES :



  1. Voices in English Grammar
  2. Voices of A Verb
  3. Active Voice and Passive Voice - 1
  4. Active Voice and Passive Voice - 2
  5. Active Voice
  6. Passive Voice
  7. Kinds of Objects
  8. Active Voice and Complement to Object
  9. Passive Voice and Complement to Subject
  10. Sentences of Active Voice
  11. Sentences of Passive Voice


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