Kinds of Phrases :
As we have learnt already, a phrase is a combination of related words which together do not convey a distinctive meaning. The phrase will not have a subject and a verb. The phrases in the below mentioned sentences are given in bold
He looks after his parents
They make fun of the comedian
The stage is set for the play
The school is about to be opened by this week
A phrase can be the subject, an adjective, an adverb or an object. It plays different functions in the sentence. Depending upon the function the phrase plays in the sentence, it is differentiated from other types of phases. There are nine types of phrases. Let us see how they are different from each others.
1. Noun Phrases
The noun phrase functions as a noun in a sentence. The other words in the noun phrase can modify the head-word. The other words may come after or before the head-word.
He has bought a beautiful red costly car.
They have moved to the bosh area of New York.
She is fighting with the patrolling police-people.
It is available in the corner of the street.
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2. Prepositional Phrases
A prepositional phrase has a preposition, noun or pronoun and may also consist of other words. The prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and mostly ends with a noun or pronoun. The prepositional phrase plays as an adjective or adverb in a sentence. Whatever the prepositional phrase ends with is called object of preposition.
The student in the class-room is naughty.
The minister in the white-car is arguing with his sub-ordinates.
The people on the street are running hither and thither.
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3. Adjective Phrases
An adjective phrase is a group of words that works like an adjective in a sentence.
The boy with blind eyes is singing very well.
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4. Adverb Phrases
An adverb phrase is a group of words that works like and adverb in a sentence.
They sing in the loud voice.
The boys play in a funny manner.
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5. Verb Phrases
A verb phrase has a combination of main verb and its auxiliaries (helping verbs) in a sentence.
They have completed their tasks.
I am moving along the track.
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6. Infinitive Phrases
An infinitive phrase has an infinitive (to + simple form of verb) and modifiers or other words related to the infinitive.
I like to travel in the mountains.
He loves to eats mangoes.
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( To know more about Infinitives, CLICK HERE.
7. Gerund Phrases
A gerund phrase has a gerund and modifiers or other words related to the gerund.
I like traveling in the mountains.
He loves eating mangoes.
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8. Participle Phrases
The participle phrase consists of a present participle (verb + ing), a past participle and modifiers or other associate words.
The student witnessed an accident happened few minutes back.
I received a letter mentioning about my loan.
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9. Absolute Phrases = Nominative Phrase
A group of words including a noun or pronoun or a participle and / or any associated modifiers is called Absolute Phrase. Absolute Phrase is also called Nominative Phrase. Absolute phrase describes the entire sentence.
We are waiting for the bus, already late by 3 hours.
He is good a student, scoring 95 percent in all subjects.
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( To know more about Nominative Phrases, CLICK HERE.
To know about Appositive Phrases, CLICK HERE.
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