Kinds of Sentences

Kinds of Sentences :

Sentences can do four different kinds of work. Consider the following sentences.

1. He has opened the door.

This sentence makes a statement. Sentences such as this are called declarative sentences.
( To know more about Declarative Sentences, CLICK HERE. )

2. Have you opened the door?

This sentence asks a question. Such sentences as this are called interrogative sentences.
( To know more about Interrogative Sentences, CLICK HERE. )

3. Open the door.

This sentence gives a command. Such sentences are called imperative sentences.
( To know more about Imperative Sentences, CLICK HERE. )

4. How noisily he opens the door!

This sentence makes an exclamation. Such sentences are called exclamatory sentences.
( To know more about Exclamatory Sentences, CLICK HERE. )

A written sentence begins with a capital letter and end with a full stop, a question mark or an exclamation mark according to the kind of work it does.

A declarative sentence ends with a full stop. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark. An imperative sentence usually ends with a full stop. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark!

These are four different kinds of sentences.

(1) Those which simply affirm or deny something are classed as Statements or declarative sentences.

• A man's success depends chiefly on himself. (Affirmative)
• He is a very good painter. (Affirmative)
• He did not get much help from others. (Negative)
• She does not know painting. (Negative)
• It runs.
• He sings.
• He likes climbing.
• Franz is sad.
• My car is black.
• Dogs are barking.
• He is seven years old.
• The sky is blue.
• He loves reading.
• The scooter is white.
• Ice is cold.

(2) Those which contain some command, request, entreaty or wish are classed as Desires or imperative sentences.

• Rely chiefly on your own efforts. (Command)
• Lend me a pen. (Request)
• Save me. (Entreaty)
• God! Save the Queen! (Wish)
• Complete your project in time. (Command)
• Make your life colorful and successful. (Wish)
• Open the door.
• Type this letter.

(3) Those which inquire about something are classed as Questions or interrogative sentences.

• Have you finished your work?
• Where are you going?
• Who is your mother?
• Where is you cycle?
• What is your name?
• What is your native place?
• Which place do you live in?
• Where is his car?
• How is your car driving?

4) Those which express some sudden feeling, such as pleasure, anger or surprise, about something which has been said or done, are classed as Exclamations or exclamatory sentences. They usually begin with How or What and the verb is often omitted.

• How wonderful!
• How kind of you!
• What a shame!
• What a piece of luck!
• What a beautiful flower that is!

Related Pages :

  1. Kinds of Sentences
  2. The Declarative Sentences
  3. The Interrogative Sentences
  4. The Imperative Sentences
  5. The Exclamatory Sentences
  6. A Sentence - 1
  7. A Sentence - 2
  8. A Sentence - 3
  9. The Structure of Sentences
  10. Kinds of Sentences
  11. A Clause and A Phrase
  12. The Noun Clause
  13. The Adjective Clause
  14. The Adverb Clause
  15. Adverb Clauses
  16. Adjective Clauses
  17. Noun Clauses
  18. Three Kinds of Clauses
  19. Sample Sentences with Clauses
  20. Simple Sentences ( Simple Sentence )
  21. Double Sentences
  22. Multiple Sentences
  23. Complex Sentences
  24. Attributive Adjuncts
  25. The Predicate
  26. Adverbial Adjuncts to Verb of Predicate
  27. Analysis of Sentences
  28. Contracted Sentences
  29. Analysis of Double Sentences
  30. Analysis of Multiple Sentences
  31. Rules for Analysing Double Sentences
  32. Rules for Analysing Multiple Sentences
  33. Analysis of Complex Sentences
  34. The Complex Sentences
  35. Analysis of Multiple Sentence
  36. The Transformation of Sentences
  37. Modes of Expressing A Condition in English Grammar
  38. Modes of Expressing A Concessional Clause
  39. Modes of Expressing A Contrasting Clause
  40. Interchange of Degrees of Comparison
  41. Synthesis of Sentences - 1
  42. Synthesis of Sentences - 2
  43. Synthesis of Sentences - 3
  44. The Principal Clause
  45. The Dependent Clause
  46. Verb in The Dependent Clause
  47. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
  48. Kinds of Sentences
  49. Direct and Indirect Speech
  50. A Sentence without E
  51. Parsed Sentence

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