Kinds of Verbs



Kinds of Verbs :



A Verb is a word used for saying something about some person or thing. VERB talks about the action of the noun.

John goes to College.

In this sentence, JOHN is the noun. And the word GOES is the verb. GOES indicates what John does.

In the following sentences, the verbs are given in bold.

1. He wrote a letter.
2. My father studied in this college.
3. I dropped my daughter at her school.
4. We bought this scooter last year.
5. My computer is working properly.
6. They come today evening.
7. She has applied for a job.

Kinds of Verbs

Verbs are subdivided into four main classes. 1. Transitive Verbs
2. Intransitive Verbs
3. Auxiliary Verbs
4. Defective Verbs

Verbs which are not used in all the moods and tenses are called Defective. They may be Transitive, Intransitive or Auxiliary.

A Verb is Transitive if the action does not stop with the agent, but passes from the agent to something else. Transitive means passing over. The man killed a snake.

THE MAN KILLED does not make complete sense until some object such as SNAKE has been expressed. The Verb killed is therefore transitive, because the action expressed by it does not stop with the doer, but passes from the doer to a person or thing such as SNAKE. The doer of the action of the verb is called Subject of The Verb.

The word or words denoting that person or thing to which the action of the Verb is directed are called the Object to the Verb.

Eat, kill, shake, write, dig, speak, buy, sell and order are few of the transitive verbs.

A Verb is Intransitive when the action stops with the agent and does not pass from the agent to anything else.

Each in his narrow cell for ever laid.
The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep. (Gray's Elegy)

No word or words can be placed as object after such a Verb as sleep. The Verb SLEEP is therefore Intransitive.

Laugh, wake, sit, go, walk and cry are few of the Intransitive Verbs.

An Auxiliary Verb is one which….

(a) helps to form a tense or mood of some Principal Verb.
(b) forgoes its own signification as a Principal Verb for that purpose.

I have come from home today.

Here the verb HAVE forgoes its own signification possession in order to help the Principal or non-Auxiliary Verb COME to form a Present Perfect Tense. So, HAVE is called an auxiliary verb.

Is, was, have, had, will, would, shall, and should are few of the auxiliary verbs.

RELATED PAGES :



  1. The Verb
  2. Object to The Verb
  3. Subject of The Verb
  4. Transitive Verbs
  5. Forms of The Object and Transitive Verb
  6. Position of The Object and Transitive Verb
  7. Noun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  8. Pronoun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  9. Infinitive as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  10. Gerund as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  11. Phrase as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  12. Clause as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  13. Relative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  14. Interrogative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  15. Double Objects and Transitive Verbs
  16. Direct Objects and Transitive Verbs
  17. Indirect Objects and Transitive Verbs
  18. Transitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  19. Complement
  20. Forms of Complement
  21. Omission of The Relative as Object
  22. Transitive Verbs used Intransitively
  23. Intransitive Verbs
  24. Intransitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  25. Intransitive Verbs of Complete Predication
  26. Subjective Complement
  27. Objective Complement
  28. Cognate or Kindred
  29. Cognate Noun
  30. Cognate Object
  31. Intransitive Verbs in A Causal Sense
  32. Prepositional Verbs
  33. Object to Active Verb
  34. Subject to Passive Verb
  35. Agent of The Verb
  36. Retained Object of The Verb in Active Voice
  37. The Direct Object of the Active Verb
  38. The Indirect Object of the Active Verb
  39. The Infinitive Mood of Verbs
  40. Sixteen Forms of A Verb
  41. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Active Voice
  42. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Passive Voice
  43. Do and Did


Kinds of Verbs :



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