List of Weak Verbs



List of Weak Verbs :



The mode of adding the suffix of the Past Tense is not uniform.

(i) If the Verb ends in E, then D only is added and not ED.

1. Live…lived (not liveed)
2. Clothe…clothed (not clotheed)
3. Bake…baked (not bakeed)
4. Smile…smiled (not smiled)

To this rule there is no exception.

(ii) The final consonant is doubled before ED provided…

(a) that it is single.
(b) that it is preceded by a single vowel.
(c) that the Verb is monosyllabic or has the final syllable accented.

1. Fan…fanned (not faned)
2. Drop…dropped (not droped)
3. Compel…compelled
4. Control…controlled

But in a Verb like LENGTHEN where the accent is not on the last syllable, the Past Tense is LENGTHENED and in a Verb like BOIL where the vowel is not single, the Past Tense is BOILED and in a Verb like FOLD where the last consonant is not single, the Past Tense is FOLDED.

To this rule there are very few exceptions. One exception occurs in the final L. The final L is doubled, even when it is not accented. (Travel - traveiled - not traveled)

GROUP : 1 - Shortening of Inside Vowel - Past Tense in T

Present Tense…Past Tense…Past Participle

1. Burn…burnt…burnt
2. Burn…burnt…burned
3. Creep…crept…crept
4. Deal dealt dealt
5. Dream…dreamt…dreamt
6. Dream…dreamed…dreamed
7. Dwell…dwelt…dwelt
8. Feel…felt…felt
9. Keep…kept…kept
10. Kneel…knelt…knelt
11. Lean…leant…leant
12. Lean…leaned…leaned
13. Mean…meant…meant
14. Sleep…slept…slept
15. Smell…smelt…smelt
16. Spell…spelt…spelt
17. Spill…spilt…spilt
18. Spoil…spoilt…spoilt
19. Spoil…spoiled…spoiled
20. Sweep…swept…swept
21. Weep…wept…wept

Exceptional Verbs :

1. Make…made…made
2. Have…had…had
3. Hear…heard…heard
4. Leave…left…left
5. Cleave…cleft…cleft
6. Lose…lost…lost
7. Shoe…shod…shod
8. Flee…fled…fled
9. Say…said…said
10. Lay…laid…laid
11. Pay…paid…paid

GROUP : 2 - Changing of Inside Vowel

Present Tense…Past Tense…Past Participle

1. Beseech…besought…besought
2. Bring…brought…brought
3. Buy…bought…bought
4. Catch…caught…caught
5. Seek …sought…sought
6. Sell…sold…sold
7. Teach…taught…taught
8. Tell…told…told
9. Think…thought…thought
10. Work…worked… worked
11. Work…worked…wrought
12. Dare…durst…dared
13. Dare…dared…dared
14. Can…could…(Wanting)
15. Shall…should…(Wanting)
16. Will…would…(Wanting)
17. May…might…(Wanting)

GROUP : 3 - Verbs ending in D or T

Verbs ending in D or T in the Present Tense have discarded the suffix of the Past Tense to avoid the repetition of D or T.

Some Verbs in this group have the three forms (Present Tense, Past Tense, and Past Participle) all exactly a like.

Present Tense…Past Tense…Past Part

1. Bet…bet…bet
2. Burst…burst…burst
3. Cast…cast…cast
4. Cost…cost…cost
5. Cut…cut…cut
6. Hit…hit…hit
7. Hurt…hurt…hurt
8. Let…let…let
9. Put…put…put
10. Rid …rid…rid
11. Set…set…set
12. Shed…shed…shed
13. Shut…shut…shut
14. Slit…slit…slit
15. Spit…spit or spat…spit
16. Split…split…split
17. Spread…spread…spread
18. Thrust…thrust…thrust
19. Quit…quit or quitted… quit or quitted
20. Wed…wed or wedded…wed or wedded
21. Knit…knit or knitted… knit or knitted

Usually we use the word KNITTED only when the reference is to knitting a garment.

1. His wife always knitted his socks.
2. His socks were knitted by his wife.

Other Verbs in this group end in D in the Present Tense form the Past Tense and Past Participle by changing D into T. (There are at least seven such Verbs in English.)

Present Tense…Past Tense…Past Participle

1. Bend…bent …bent
2. Build…built…built
3. Gild…gilt & gilded…gilt
4. Lend…lent…lent
5. Rend…rent…rent
6. Send…sent…sent
7. Spend…spent…spent

Other Verbs of this group have the three forms all alike except that they shorten the vowel in the Past Tense and Past Participle.

Present Tense…Past Tense…Past Participle

1. Bleed…bled…bled
2. Breed…bred…bred
3. Feed…fed…fed
4. Lead…led…led
5. Light…lit & lighted…lit & lighted
6. Meet…met…met
7. Read…read…read
8. Shoot…shot…shot
9. Speed…sped…sped

The following differences in the use of Participles as Adjectives or as parts as parts of a Tense should be noted.

Verbal Adjectives

1. A lighted candle
2. Roast meat

Part of some Tense

1. The candle is lit or lighted.
2. The meat is roasted.

When the sense is TO INCREASE THE SPEED OF SOMETHING, both the past tense and the past participle is SPEEDED.

1. The new machines speeded up (or have speeded up) production.

RELATED PAGES :

  1. The Verb
  2. The Auxiliary Verbs
  3. Subject-Verb Agreement - 1
  4. Subject-Verb Agreement - 2
  5. The English Verb
  6. Basic Form of The Verb
  7. Principal Parts of A Verb
  8. Non-finite Form of The Verb
  9. The Intensive Forms of English Verbs
  10. Verbal Idioms
  11. Confusing Verbs
  12. Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
  13. Sentences with Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
  14. Two Auxiliaries with One Principal Verb
  15. One Auxiliary with Two Principal Verbs
  16. Words Used as Verbs
  17. Intransitive Verb of Complete Predication
  18. Intransitive Verb of Incomplete Predication
  19. Defective Verbs
  20. Strong Verbs
  21. Tests of A Strong Verb
  22. Wholly Strong Strong Verbs
  23. Partly Strong Strong Verbs
  24. List of Strong Verbs
  25. Weak Verbs
  26. Tests of A Weak Verb
  27. List of Weak Verbs
  28. Mixed Verbs
  29. Strong Verbs Becoming Partly Weak Verbs


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List of Weak Verbs