Noun Clauses

Noun Clauses :

Look at the words in italics in the following sentences.

1. She hoped to win a prize. [Hoped what?]
2. She hoped that she would win a prize. [Hoped what?]

The first group of words (to win a prize) is the Object of the Verb HOPED. It therefore does the work of a Noun and since it has no Subject and no Predicate of its own it is a Noun Phrase. The second group of words (that she would win a prize) is also the Object of the Verb hoped and so does the work of a Noun. But as it has a Subject and a Predicate of its own it is called a Noun Clause.

Again the Noun Phrase (to win a prize) is equivalent in meaning to the Noun Clause (that she would win a prize) and can therefore be replaced by it.

A Noun Clause is a dependent clause which contains a subject and a verb or verb phrase but does not express a complete thought. As a result, A Noun Clause cannot stand alone as a sentence. A Noun Clause as Dependent clause can function either as noun clause, adjective clause or adverb clause. A noun clause as a dependent clause acts as a noun. Noun clause begins with words such as how, that, what, whatever, when, where, whether, which, whichever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, and why. Noun clause can act as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives or objects of a preposition.

He, whose thought is this, is a genius.

In this sentence, WHOSE THOUGHT IS THIS is a noun which could not stand on its own. But it can become part of another sentence to become a noun there.

The focus of our organisation is customer-satisfaction.

The focus of our organisation is how we can satisfy customers most effectively.

In the second sentence, HOW WE CAN SATISFY CUSTOMERS MOST EFFECTIVELY is a clause and a noun.

It’s important to think about our decision-making-process.
It’s important to think about why we make certain decisions.
In the second sentence, WHY WE MAKE CERTAIN DECISIONS is a separate clause as well as a noun.

1) Please tell me who left his / her brief-case on the floor.
2) Whoever is the last one to leave closes the door.
3) The girl with the green shirt is whom I want on my team.


  1. A Sentence - 1
  2. A Sentence - 2
  3. A Sentence - 3
  4. The Structure of Sentences
  5. Kinds of Sentences
  6. A Clause and A Phrase
  7. The Noun Clause
  8. The Adjective Clause
  9. The Adverb Clause
  10. Adverb Clauses
  11. Adjective Clauses
  12. Noun Clauses
  13. Three Kinds of Clauses
  14. Sample Sentences with Clauses
  15. Simple Sentences ( Simple Sentence )
  16. Double Sentences
  17. Multiple Sentences
  18. Complex Sentences
  19. Attributive Adjuncts
  20. The Predicate
  21. Adverbial Adjuncts to Verb of Predicate
  22. Analysis of Sentences
  23. Contracted Sentences
  24. Analysis of Double Sentences
  25. Analysis of Multiple Sentences
  26. Rules for Analysing Double Sentences
  27. Rules for Analysing Multiple Sentences
  28. Analysis of Complex Sentences
  29. The Complex Sentences
  30. Analysis of Multiple Sentence
  31. The Transformation of Sentences
  32. Modes of Expressing A Condition in English Grammar
  33. Modes of Expressing A Concessional Clause
  34. Modes of Expressing A Contrasting Clause
  35. Interchange of Degrees of Comparison
  36. Synthesis of Sentences - 1
  37. Synthesis of Sentences - 2
  38. Synthesis of Sentences - 3
  39. The Principal Clause
  40. The Dependent Clause
  41. Verb in The Dependent Clause
  42. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
  43. Kinds of Sentences
  44. Direct and Indirect Speech
  45. A Sentence without E
  46. Parsed Sentence

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