Nouns :

The following paragraph is taken from Ernest Hemingway’s short story - The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber. Look at all the words that are in bold.

Francis Macomber had been carried to his tent from the edge of the camp in triumph on the arms and shoulders of a team made up of the cook, the personal boys, the skinner and the porters. The gun-bearers had taken no part in the demonstration. When the native boys put him down at the door of his tent, he had shaken all their hands, received their congratulations and then gone into the tent and sat on the bed until his wife came in. She did not speak to him when she came in and he left the tent at once to wash his face and hands in the portable washbasin outside and go over to the dining tent to sit in a comfortable canvas chair in the breeze and the shade.

What is common to all these words? Yes, they are all nouns.

A noun is a naming word. It can name anything - animal, place, thing, quality, feeling and idea.

Types of Nouns

Common nouns are nouns that name anything that is shared by every person or thing of the same class. They do not refer to any particular person or thing.

For instance, in the paragraph given above, words like tent, arms, shoulders, boys, cook and door are common nouns.

Proper nouns are nouns that name a particular person or thing.

For instance, in the paragraph given above, the word ‘Francis Macomber’ is a proper noun. Other examples of proper nouns could be your name, the names of your friends in your class, the name of your school, the name of your building, the name of your state, the name of your country.

Collective nouns are nouns that name a group or a collection of things of the same kind.

For instance, in the paragraph given above, the word TEAM is a collective noun. Other examples of collective nouns are words like a bouquet, a class, a bunch, a crowd.

Abstract nouns are nouns that name ideas, thoughts and feelings that a person can feel within himself but cannot experience through his five senses, that is, through sight, smell, hearing, touch or taste.

In the paragraph given earlier, the word TRIUMPH is an abstract noun. Other examples of abstract nouns are words like honesty, happiness, sorrow, excitement, boredom.

Material nouns are nouns that have a material, a substance or an ingredient that other things are made from.

For example, words like brass, cotton, plastic, rubber, sand, silver are all material nouns.

Related Pages :

  1. Formation of Nouns from Verbs
  2. Formation of Nouns from Adjectives
  3. Formation of Nouns from other Nouns
  4. Countable or Uncountable Nouns
  5. Nouns and Number
  6. Nouns and Genders
  7. Pronouns
  8. The Need for Pronouns
  9. Types of Pronouns
  10. Personal Pronouns
  11. Interrogative Pronouns
  12. Relative Pronouns
  13. Reflexive Pronouns
  14. Possessive Pronouns
  15. Problematic Pronouns
  16. Determiners
  17. Types of Determiners
  18. Verbs
  19. Kinds of Verbs
  20. Transitive Verbs
  21. Intransitive Verbs
  22. Gerunds
  23. Usage of Gerunds
  24. Uses of Gerunds
  25. Tenses
  26. The Simple Tenses
  27. Simple Present Tense
  28. Simple Past Tense
  29. Simple Future Tense
  30. The Continuous Tenses
  31. Present Continuous Tense
  32. Simple Present or Present Continuous
  33. Past Continuous Tense
  34. Simple Past or Past Continuous
  35. Future Continuous Tense
  36. Present and Past Participles
  37. The Perfect Tenses
  38. Present Perfect Tense
  39. Simple Past or Present Perfect
  40. Past Perfect Tense
  41. Future Perfect Tense
  42. The Perfect Continuous Tenses
  43. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  44. Present Continuous or Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  45. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  46. Future Perfect Continuous Tense



The Sentences Index

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