Parts of Speech :
Sentences are framed of words performs a variety of functions of words. According to their functions they are classified into eight parts known as Parts of Speech. They are…
A word used to name a person, place, thing, an idea or quality of mind is defined as a noun.
1. Mother Teresa
was a social worker.
2. I enjoy Watching Cricket
is a Sub-Continent
is a form of Government
is useful for students
are common to all human beings.
The underlined words in the above sentences are nouns.
A word used to describe a noun is known as an Adjective.
1. Telugu is a regional
2. Bobby is a beautiful
3. I read a detective
4. Dog is a faithful
The underlined words are examples of adjectives.
A word is used instead of a noun is known as a Pronoun.
1. Harini is my friend. She
is very Kind.
2. I visited Delhi. It
is the capital of India.
3. Anand is my brother. He
is very intelligent.
The underlined words are pronouns.
A word used to express an action, a condition, an existence or possession is known as a verb.
1. I waited
2. She is
3. There are
flowers in the garden.
4. You have
The word ‘waited’ tells us what ‘I’ did, ’is’ express a condition, ’are’ express an existence and ‘have’ expresses possession.
A word used to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb is an adverb. It also explains how, where, when and why an action is performed.
1. She writes neatly
2. He is very
3. She speaks English quite
The word ‘neatly’ modifies the verb ‘writes’, ‘very’ modifies the adjective ‘cunning’, ‘quite’ modifies the adverb ‘well’.
A word used to explain the relation between two grammatical units or a word used with a noun or a pronoun to show their relation with some other word in the sentence is known as a preposition.
1. Children are fond of
2. They boasted about
3. She is angry with
4. I deposited my money in
The underlined words are prepositions. The word ’of’ shows the relation between the adjective ‘fond’ and the noun ‘toys.’
The relation between the verb ’boasted’ and the noun ‘success’ is shown by the word ‘about’.
The word ‘with’ shows the relation between the adjective ‘angry’ and the pronoun ‘me’.
The word ‘in’ shows the relation between the noun ‘money’ and another noun ‘bank’.
A word used to combine two words or sentences is known as a conjunction.
1. My friends came from Chennai and
2. I shall drink tea or
3. She worked hard but
did not succeed.
The word ‘and’ joins the two words ‘Chennai’ and ‘Mumbai’. The word ‘or’ joins the two words ‘tea’ and ‘coffee’. The word ‘but’ joins the two sentences ‘she worked hard’ and she did not succeed.
A word which expresses some sudden feeling is known as an injection.
1. Alas! Superb! Hurrah! Ah! Oh! Bravo!
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