Parts of Speech



Parts of Speech :



Words are divided into different kinds or classes according to the purpose for which they are used. The different kinds of words are called Parts of Speech. They are eight in number.

1. Noun
2. Pronoun
3. Adjective
4. Verb
5. Adverb
6. Preposition
7. Conjunction
8. Interjection

Until we see a word in a sentence, we are often unable to say to what part of speech it belongs.

(i) Water the roses. (Here water is a Verb.)
(ii) Take some water. (Here water is a Noun.)
(iii) We saw a water bird. (Here water is an Adjective.)

A word used for naming anything is called a Noun, as ship, fox, house, man. Hence a noun is the naming word. (The words noun and name are the same basically. But they are differently spelt. The word noun comes from the Latin nomen - name)
To know more about The Noun, CLICK HERE !

A word used instead of a noun is called a Pronoun.

A ship went out to sea and she had all her sails up.

Here the pronoun SHE is used instead of the noun ship and saves its being mentioned twice. Hence a pronoun is a substitute word and its chief use is to avoid the repetition of a noun.
1. To know more about Pronouns, CLICK HERE !
2. To know more about Pronouns, CLICK HERE !


If we wish to qualify a noun….that is to add something to the meaning of noun, the word used for such a purpose is called an Adjective.

A fine ship went out to sea.

The word Adjective means adding and is so called because it adds something to the meaning of a noun.

The word FINE is an adjective here.
To know more about The Adjective, CLICK HERE !


Words used for predicating (that is, saying something about some person or thing) are called Verbs.

A fine ship went out to sea.

Here the word which predicates or says something about a ship is WENT. This is therefore a verb and thus the predicate of a sentence must be a verb or it must at least contain one.
To know more about Verbs, CLICK HERE !


In the phrase TO SEA, the word TO is called a Preposition. The word expresses the relation in which the thing denoted by SEA stands to the event denoted by WENT OUT.

The noun, pronoun or other noun-equivalent that follows the preposition is called its Object.

The use of a preposition, then, is to show the relation in which the person or thing denoted by its Object stands to something else.
To know more about The Preposition, CLICK HERE!

A Conjunction is a joining word. It joins words and phrases to one another, one clause to another clause or one sentence to another sentence.

(a) He was tall and of distinguished appearance.
(b) May he live long and (may he) die happy!
(c) This is a thing which we all regret but which cannot be helped.

In (a) the adjective TALL is joined to the phrase OF DISTINGUISHED APPEARANCE by the conjunction AND.

In (b) the sentence, 'may he live long' is joined by the same conjunction to the sentence 'may he die happy'.

In (c) the clause, 'which we all regret' is joined to the clause 'which cannot be helped' by the conjunction BUT.

AND and BUT are Conjunctions.
To know more about The Conjunction, CLICK HERE!

Adverbs, like adjectives, are qualifying words. An adjective, as we have shown, qualifies a noun whereas an adverb usually qualifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb or a preposition.

That very fine ship has already sailed right round the world.

Here VERY is an adverb qualifying the adjective FINE. ALREADY is an adverb qualifying the verb HAS SAILED and RIGHT is an adverb qualifying the preposition ROUND.

As a general rule Adverbs do not qualify Nouns or Pronouns. But such sentences as the following are exceptions.

Qualifying a noun : Even elephants have flown in aeroplanes.

Qualifying a pronoun : Only you can tell us what happened.
To know more about The Adverb, CLICK HERE!

Interjections are not words connected, as other words are, with other parts of a sentence, but mere sounds standing by themselves and thrown into a sentence to express some feeling of the mind.

My son, alas! is not industrious.

Here ALAS is a sound thrown into the sentence to express regret.
To know more about The Interjection, CLICK HERE!



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