Personal Pronouns



Personal Pronouns :



Person : (Singular & Plural)

Any of the three special forms of verbs or pronouns that show the speaker (first person), the one who is being spoken to (second person) or the one who is spoken about (third person)

T, 'me' and 'we' are all first person pronouns.

A Personal Pronoun is a Pronoun used for the one who is speaking or being spoken to or the one that is being spoken about.

'I', 'you' and 'they' are personal pronouns.

The words I, me, you, he, him, it, we, us, they, them and one are called personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns are used instead of nouns.

James is ill. He will be in hospital for a few days.

There are some special grammar points about the use of personal pronouns.

(i) Who is there?
It is I. (formal form) [I stands for 'It' subject form]
It is me. (informal form) [me - object form]

(ii) I am older than she (is old) (formal form) (she - nominative).
I am older than her (informal form) (her - objective)

(iii) Shall we go and have tea?
[we - nominative case subject of ’shall go']
Let us go.
[us — objective case, object of 'let']

(iv) Everything has now been said. Hasn’t it?
[IT stands for 'Everything' it - nominative case]

(v) Who's that?
It's Mary.
[IT stands for Mary.]

(vi) How much diesel does she use?
[SHE stands for a vehicle]

(vii) One should keep one's promises.
one - nominative case
one's - possessive case
[Here 'one' and 'one's' refer to people in general, including the speaker.]

(viii) 'It' can be used as an introductory or preparatory subject or object.
'It' can replace the real subject or an object of a sentence.
'It' can stand for an infinitive or a clause.
It is rather difficult to do the work again.
[It = to do the work again]

(ix) 'It' can also be used as an expression with no practical meaning - in expressions referring to time, weather and temperature.

It is raining.
It's 5 O' clock.
It can be very warm in March.
It's three kilometers to the nearest railway station.

(x) 'It' can also mean 'the present situation'.
It's dreadful. I do not know what to do.
Isn't it beautiful here!

(xi) It's late. I know. (correct form)
('I know it' - is not the correct expression here – It means differently.)

(xii) She's drunk. So it appears.
['It' - here stands for "She's drunk"]

(xiii) It was Janu who bought the saree.
['It' here, gives emphasis for Janu's action].

Personal Pronouns



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