Phrases and Clauses

Phrases and Clauses :

Look at the following groups of words.

1. Under the dark blue sky…
2. In the evening…
3. He was such a good man…
4. That you were going to the party…

None of these groups of words make complete sense.

The first two groups of words do not contain a verb. They also do not have a subject. Such groups of related words that do not include a subject and a verb are known as phrases.

The third and fourth groups of words contain a subject and a verb, yet do not make complete sense. Such a group of related words containing a subject and a verb are known as clauses.

Clauses and phrases are the building blocks of sentences.

Phrases are groups of words that act as a part of speech, but cannot stand alone as a sentence.

Clauses are groups of words that have a subject and a predicate. Independent clauses express a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence but subordinate clauses depend on other parts of the sentence to express a complete thought.

Examples of Phrases :

1. Loud and clear
2. After the party
3. With an umbrella
4. As flat as a pancake
5. Thunder and lightning
6. During breakfast
7. In a minute
8. A girl at the window…
9. Walking like ducks
10. Very new clock from your house….
11. Running water of this river….
12. Simmering sun in the summer…
13. Cooking-food after 7 pm….

Examples of Clauses :

1. The wind blew…
2. They left quietly…
3. It rained heavily…
4. We ran…
5. The balloons burst…
6. He opened the window after…
7. Duckes crossed the road upon….
8. He cleaned his clock before…
9. They bought a water-bottle, since….
10. There are no summer-holidays for….
11. We ordered food for….

Phrases can contain non-finite verbs, that is, present and past participles and infinitives.

Example Sentences with Phrases and Clauses :

1. The old lady sat by the fire, knitting a sweater for her son.
2. I like to draw pictures of the rising sun.
3. Alerted by the smoke, we rushed into the building.
4. The boy in the raincoat is playing in the puddle of water.
5. The Principal is the person to whom you should write the letter.
6. The boy in the neighbouring house plays the flute every night.
7. Large blocks of the hardest granite formed the walls of the new.
8. The man who was hurt in the accident has recovered completely.
9. The roads of ancient Rome connected the cities of the empire.
10. I know that man living on the fourth floor with his parents.
11. The scientist said that the ozone levels were dangerous.
12. The people objected when the President changed his mind.
13. The thief stole their money while they were asleep.
14. I love the village where I was born.
15. She didn’t get the job, although she was fit for the job.
16. He is taking a driving test, so that he may get a licence.
17. He asked for cold water for He was thirsty.
18. The book on the table in the English classroom is the teacher’s copy.


  1. A Preposition
  2. Kinds of Prepositions
  3. Prepositions of Time
  4. Prepositions of Place
  5. Prepositions of Location
  6. Prepositions of Movement
  7. Prepositions of Time
  8. Prepositions with Nouns
  9. Prepositions with Adjectives
  10. Prepositions with Verbs
  11. Phrasal Verbs
  12. Idiomatic Expressions with Prepositions
  13. Prepositional Phrase
  14. Object of The Preposition
  15. Functions of Prepositional Phrase in A Sentence
  16. Clauses and Phrases

Phrases and Clauses

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