Possessive Adjectives and Possessive Pronouns

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Possessive Adjectives and Possessive Pronouns :

Below are six pairs of sentences. Compare the first and second sentences.

1. This is my book.
2. This book is mine.

1. This is your bag.
2. This bag is yours.

1. These are his pencils.
2. These pencils are his.

1. This is her rubber.
2. This rubber is hers.

1. This is our house.
2. This house is ours.

1. That is their garden.
2. That garden is theirs.

The possessive (my, your, his, her, our and their) in the first sentences are used before nouns. These can be called POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES which are classed among determiners. The possessives (mine, yours, his, hers, ours and theirs) in the second sentences are used without nouns after them. These words generally called POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS.

The word HIS is used both before nouns and without nouns. The word ITS is used only before nouns. It has no form to be used without nouns.

The two types of possessives are given below.

Pronouns - Possessives before Nouns (Determiners) - Possessives without Nouns

1. I – my – mine
2. You – your – yours
3. He – his – his
4. She – her – hers
5. It – its – NIL
6. We – our – ours
7. They – their – theirs

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