Predicative Adjective :
Some Adjectives are used attributively.
Some other Adjectives are used predicatively.
: (of an adjective, noun or phrase) - describing and coming before a noun
In "a major success", "major" is an attributive adjective.
In "the school bus", "school" is an attributive adjective.
"school" is in attributive position - attributively (adverb)
: (especially of an adjective or phrase) - coming after a verb in - He is alive.
"alive" is a predicative adjective.
An old friend. (here - it means the friend is known for a long time.)
My friend is quite old. (here - it means the friend is old in age.)
An old friend - the adjective 'old' is used attributively - before the noun friend.
My friend is quite old. (here - the adjective 'old' is used predicatively - after the
It is a live fish. - (Attributive use of the Adjective)
That fish is still alive. (Predicative use of Adjective)
This broadcast comes to you live from Delhi. (Adjective used predicatively)
We say, "It is a nice little house".
But we do not say, "The house is little."
We say, 'The house is small'.
Note that 'mere' and ’sheer' are always used attributively.
He is a mere child. What does it know?
What you say, is, sheer nonsense.
He is a one-eyed man.
'one-eyed' - compound adjective - used attributively
It is not used predicatively.
Afloat, afraid, alike, alight, alive, alone, asleep, awake
A number of adjectives beginning with 'a' are used only in predicative position - after a verb
(adjective) : floating on water & floating at sea
1. Help me get the boat afloat.
2. How long did you spend afloat?
: covered with water, flooded, out of debt
The company somehow managed to keep afloat.
(adjective) : full of fear & frightened
I am always afraid of dogs.
They are not afraid of hardwork.
"I'm afraid" is often used as a polite phrase, when you are giving someone unpleasant information.
We're afraid. We’re unable to offer you the job.
Yes, sir, but 'I am afraid' you haven't quite understood my point.
: (adjective) : the same or similar & like one another
: (adverb) : I treat all my children alike.
Men and women are treated alike here.
- (adjective) : on fire - in flames
The dry wood - pieces caught alight (- began to burn)
: (with) having the lights on : lit up
Every window was alight.
: (verb) : (alighted) or (alit) - (from, on) - to get off or down from something especially at the end of a journey - come down from above
Passengers should not alight from the bus until it has stopped.
: (adjective) : (no comparison) - having life - not dead
My grand parents are still alive.
Dear Mr. Minus, I am alive.
: (adjective) : without (or) seperated from others
: (adverb) : I live alone.
To be alone requires resources.
: (adjective) : sleeping
He was found asleep.
: (adjective) : not asleep
She lay awake for hours, thinking about him.
: We do not soy, "very awake" - But we say, "wide awake."
So also not "very alone" - But "very much alone."
But we can say very lonely or very much lonely.
So also we say, "He is fast asleep", not "He is very asleep".
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