Preposition is a word used with a noun, pronoun or ING form of the verb (GERUND) to show its connection with another word.
1. It is a house made of wood.
2. We opened it by breaking the door.
3. We went out the door.
OF and BY are prepositions.
OUT is an adverb. But here it is used prepositionally.
There is a boy in the field.
In this sentence, the word IN shows some relationship between boy and field.
I am fond of coffee.
In this sentence, the word OF shows some relationship between coffee and fond.
The dog jumped off the car.
In this sentence, the word OFF shows the relationship between the verb jumped and the car.
It may be noted that the words IN, OF and OFF are used as prepositions in these sentences.
A preposition is a word usually placed before a noun or a pronoun or verbal noun to show in what relation the person or thing indicated by it stands in regard to something else.
Preposition means THAT which is placed before.
1. I know him.
2. He is known to me.
3. I spoke to him.
4. I said to him.
The word HIM is the object of the verb KNOW in sentence 1 above.
In sentence 2, ME is the object of the preposition TO.
In sentence 3, HIM is the object of the preposition TO.
So also, in sentence 4, HIM is the object of the preposition TO.
A noun or pronoun which is used with a preposition is called its object. It is in the Accusative case and is said to be governed by the preposition.
I know him. (HIM - object of the verb 'know')
I spoke to him. (HIM - object of the preposition 'to')
The preposition TO governs HIM.
Study the following sentences.
1. You asked for the watch. (for - preposition)
2. That is here.
3. You asked for the watch. That is here.
4. Here is the watch that you asked for.
Here is the watch - main clause
That you asked for - adjective clause
That - relative pronoun
Watch - antecedent
for – preposition
Here THAT is the object of the preposition FOR. It comes at the end of the sentences.
1. Take him with you.
2. He is placing the pen on the table.
3. You are not accused of misbehaving with your brothers.
4. They have written off a document.
5. The magician has brought a pen out of nothing.
Related Links :
- Kinds of Prepositions
- Simple Prepositions
- Compound Prepositions
- Prepositional Phrases ( Phrases Prepositions )
- Words and Prepositions - 1
- Words and Prepositions - 2
- Prepositions in Sentences
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