Pronouns



Pronouns :



Read the following extract from Oscar Wilde’s wonderful story - The Happy Prince.

High above the city, on a tall column, stood the statue of the Happy Prince. The Happy Prince was gilded all over with thin leaves of fine gold, for eyes the Happy Prince had two bright sapphires and a large red ruby glowed on the Happy Prince’s sword-hilt.

The Happy Prince was very much admired indeed. “The Happy Prince is as beautiful as a weathercock,’ remarked one of the Town Councillors who wished to gain a reputation for having artistic tastes, ‘only not quite so useful,’ the Town Councillor added, fearing lest people should think the Town Councillor unpractical, which the Town Councillor really was not.

‘Why can’t you be like the Happy Prince?’ asked a sensible mother of the sensible mother’s little boy who was crying for the moon. “The Happy Prince never dreams of crying for anything.’

Did you notice the number of times the nouns are repeated? How do you think you could improve upon the extract?

Yes, by adding words like he, him, her in place of the nouns. Such words are known as pronouns.

A pronoun is a word that stands for a name or for a person or thing or for a group of persons or things.

The Need for Pronouns

When we wish to speak of a name several times in succession, it is clumsy and tiresome to repeat the noun, as we saw in the extract given above. Again, if we wish to know about the ownership of a house, naturally we cannot state the owner’s name, but by a question, we say, ‘Whose house is that?’, thus placing a word instead of the name till we learn the name of the owner. Thus the need for a word in place of noun is arising. That new word is pronoun.

1. Raja is coming to our office today. He comes in the evening.
2. Your father is calling you. He is on the line.
3. My parents are not in town. They have gone to Chennai.
4. My car is gone for service. It is not in good condition.
5. Our town is not New York. It is New Delhi.
6. Our nation is flourishing. It is happy.
7. My sister prefers Psychology as Major. She loves it.
8. Sarah has gone to New York University. She studies Fine Arts there.
9. My class-mates are in the hall. They have got the permission of the Principal.


RELATED PAGES :



  1. The Pronoun
  2. Pronouns
  3. Kinds of Pronouns
  4. Personal Pronouns
  5. Possessive Adjectives and Possessive Pronouns
  6. Possessive Adjectives
  7. Possessive Pronouns
  8. Reflexive Personal Pronouns
  9. Self-Pronouns
  10. Emphasizing Pronouns
  11. Uses of Reflexive Forms (Uses of Reflexive Pronouns)
  12. Demonstrative Pronouns
  13. Forms of Demonstrative Pronouns
  14. Antecedent Noun
  15. Indefinite Demonstrative Pronouns
  16. Conjunctive Pronouns
  17. Relative Pronouns
  18. The two uses of WHO and WHICH
  19. Uses of The Relative Pronouns
  20. Restrictive uses of WHO and WHICH
  21. Continuative uses of WHO and WHICH
  22. Omission of Relative Pronoun
  23. Where to omit Relative Pronoun?
  24. Interrogative Pronouns
  25. Forms of Interrogatives Pronouns
  26. Exclamatory Pronouns
  27. Parsing Models for Nouns
  28. Parsing Models for Adjectives
  29. Parsing Models for Pronouns
  30. Sentences with Pronouns



Pronouns



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