Pronouns



Pronouns :



A pronoun is a word that is used in the place of a noun or a noun phrase, such as HE instead of RAJIV or instead of the man.

Pro - in favour of (or) supporting
Pro - Noun - in support of Noun - for the noun
Pro - meaning for - instead of - on behalf of - in front of – before – forward - according to

We do not like repeating a word or expression that has been used before.
It brings monotony.
In many cases, we like to use a substitute word or Pro-form.

Mrs. Indira left the office earlier as she was tired.

The meadow looks beautiful. The flowers too do.
Instead of….The flowers look beautiful too.

Is there a telephone here?
Here's one.
Instead of : Here's a telephone.

There is Sita with her boy-friend.
HER refers to Sita.

Whose is that coat? - It's mine.
MINE refers to the coat.

He started military service in 1975.
How old was he then?
THEN refers to in 1975.

Philip drinks. His wife does, too.
Instead of : His wife drinks too.

Have you got enough money?
I think so.
Instead of : I think that we have got enough money.

Are you free this evening?" If so, come and have dinner with us.

Instead of : If you are free this evening come.

Six English words have one form when they are used as subjects and a different form when they are used as objects apart from the II person singular THOU.

The six words are….

Subject form…..Object form

(i) I….me
(ii) He…..him
(iii) She…..her
(iv) We….us
(v) They…..them
(vi) Who…..whom

1) I : (Pronoun) [used as the subject of a sentence]

I hurt my hand.
I'm not early. Am I?
My wife and I are glad to be here.

2) Me : (Pronoun) [Object form of 'I']

He bought me a car.
Show me your apartments.
That's me on the left of the Photograph.

3) He : (Pronoun) ; [used as the subject of a sentence]

Where's Ahmed?
He is gone to the office.
Be careful of that dog. He sometimes bites.
He, who laughs last, laughs longest.

4) His : (Pronoun - Possessive form of HE)

That is belonging to him.
Those are belonging to him.
Which pen is Mary's?
Is this one his?
Every one wants only what is his by right.

5) She : (Pronoun) [used as the subject of a sentence]

That female person of animal
Who is she?
She is certainly a pretty girl.
Is the new baby a he or a she?

6) her : (Pronoun - object form of SHE)

Where is She?
I can see her there.
Give the book to her.

7) We : (Pronoun) [used as the subject of a sentence] (Plural of I)

The people speaking oneself and one or more others

We were happy when we heard the news.
Shall we sit together, Janu?
Can we (= I and others) go now, Sir?

8) us : (Pronoun) [object form of WE]

Did she see us?
This house is too small for us.

(9) They : (Pronoun) [used as the subject of a sentence]

Those people, animals or things

My father and mother are here.
They visit every week.
They say prices are going to rise again.

The pronoun THEY refers to people in general. That is the general opinion.

(10) Them : (Pronoun) [object form of THEY]

Where are my books? I can't find them.
He bought drinks for them.

11) Who : (Pronoun) [used especially as the Subject of a verb] (used in questions also)

Who are they?
Who's that woman over there?
Who did you stay with?

(12) Whom : (Pronoun) [object form of who]

Whom did you see?
The officer, to whom I spoke recently, agrees with me.

Pronouns



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