Pronouns of Third Person

Pronouns of Third Person :

The Pronouns of Third Person have three Genders.

Masculine : he
Feminine : she
Neuter : It

'It' is used as a pronoun in different ways.
It : (Pronoun) (used as subject or object)

(1) that thing, group, idea etc — already mentioned

"I have a broken lamp; "Please give it to me”.
What a beautiful baby? - Is it a boy?
There was a great noise. It was terrible

(2) It = that person
Who is that? It's me. (informal)
It's the postman.

(3) (a) (Used in the pattern : It + be + a noun or adjective for making a statement about — especially weather time or distance)

It's raining. (It is raining)
It's very cool. (It is very cool)
It's not raining. (It is not raining)
It's a fine day. (It is a fine day)
It's not far to Delhi.
It's Friday.

(b) that thing or situation not mentioned but understood

I can't stand it any longer.
(I cannot stand it any longer)

("It" - refers to a situation which is not clear - only known to the speaker and the one spoken to)

How is it going?

(4) IT is used as a subject or object in various verb patterns where the real subject or object conies later.

(i) It makes me sick the way my wife is always complaining.

(ii) It + verb - ing

It is a fun being a dancer.
Being a dancer is fun.

(iii) What is it like being married?
(It is no use marrying)

(iv) It felt funny watching myself on T.V.

(v) It cost Rs. 100,000 to mend the roof. (mending the roof cost Rs. 100,000)

It is a pity that you forgot.
It is said that the P.M. opposes the plan.

(5) IT is used as the subject of seem, appear, happen or look.

It seems that she lost her purse.
She's drunk, so it appears.
As it happens, I know the person you mean.

(6) It is used to make one part of the sentence more important.

It was yesterday that Jane bought the bike.
It was in Delhi that I last saw him.

(7) IT is used as a meaningless object of certain verbs.

They ran for it.
She decided to leave her husband and go it alone as a business woman.

(8) Study the following.

(a) If it were not for Tan, I would not be alive today.

(b) It is an ill-wind that blows nobody good.

(c) If it were not for her husband's money, she'd never be a company executive, (without her husband's money)

(d) If it had not been for Tan's help, Singh really does not know what he'd have done.

(e) It is just possible that Mr. Jone's horse will win.
It - "That Mr. Jone's horse will win'' - is just possible.

(f) It is not known why Mr. North left so suddenly.
It - ("Why Mr. North left so suddenly") - is not known.

(g) It is easy for him to reach it because he is very tall, ('for' with an infinitive introduced by the impersonal "it")

(h) It is important for me not to be disturbed. I am very tired.

(i) It is easy to be misled. (It is easy to mislead him)
(j) It is better to be envied than to be pitied.
(k) It made him ill, drinking too much whisky.

Personal Pronoun is used instead of a noun. So, it must be of the same number, gender, and person as the Noun for which it stands.

1. Govind, who has lent his camera to Ram, is a sportsman.
2. Sita is a graduate and she is appearing for I.A.S. this year.
3. Beggars are not idle. Simply, they refuse to work.

Pronouns of Third Person

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