Punctuation Marks

Punctuation Marks :

Punctuation is the act or system of punctuating a piece of writing.

Punctuation Marks

1. Full Stop
2. Colon
3. Question Mark
4. Parentheses
5. Dash
6. Apostrophe
7. Comma
8. Semi Colon
9. Exclamation Mark
10. Quotation Marks
11. Square Brackets
12. Hyphen

One should be careful in-putting punctuation marks in one's writings.

Period = Full Stop

1. Period (.) is used at the end of the sentence that is not a question or exclamation.

2. Period (.) is used after abbreviations.

3. Period (.) is used to mark off decimals.

Question Mark

1. Question Mark (?) is used at the end of a sentence that asks a question.

2. Question Mark (?) is used to denote something questionable.

Exclamation Mark

1. Exclamation Mark (!) is used at the end of a strong exclamatory word, phrase or sentence.


1. Comma (,) is used to separate words, phrases and clauses of a series.

2. Comma (,) is used to set off parenthetical expressions, non-restrictive clauses, transitional words and phrases, appositives and nouns of direct address from the rest of the sentence.

3. Comma (,) is used to separate words in a date or address.

4. Comma (,) is used before a quotation.

5. Comma (,) is used to separate independent clauses, containing no commas that are joined by a simple conjunction.

6. Comma (,) is used to denote the omission of a word.

7. Comma (,) is used after the salutation of an informal letter.

Semi Colon

1. Semi Colon (;) is used to separate parts of a complex series.

2. Semi colon (;) is used to separate independent clauses not connected by coordinating conjunction, or which already contain one or more commas.

3. Semi colon (;) is used where a comma would not afford the proper clarity.


1. Colon (:) is used to introduce a formal direct quotation.

2. Colon (:) is used after the salutation of a business letter.

3. Colon (:) is used to introduce a long series.


1. Dash ( _ ) is used to show an interruption or change of thought or sense.

2. Dash ( _ ) is used to denote omission of a word or part of a word.

3. Dash ( _ ) is used to introduce a repetition phrase.


1. Hyphen (-) is used to break a word between syllables when the word must be divided between the end of one line and the beginning of another.

2. Hyphen (-) is used to divide certain compound words.

3. Hyphen (-) is used to divide words which would otherwise be confusing.

4. Hyphen (-) is used after a prefix that is before a proper noun.


1. Parentheses ( ) is used to set off words, phrases, clauses or sentences which are in the text as comment or explanation.

Square Brackets

1. Square Brackets [ ] are used to show editorial comment.

2. Square brackets [ ] are used as parentheses, containing parentheses.


1. Apostrophe (') is used to indicate possession.

2. Apostrophe (') is used to replace the missing letters in the contraction.

Quotation Marks

1. Quotation Marks (" ") are used to enclose direct quotations.

2. Quotations within quotations are enclosed by single quotation marks.

3. Quotation marks (" ") are used to indicate titles of plays & books.

4. Quotation marks (" ") are used to indicate the opposite meaning of the word used.

Punctuation Marks

Punctuation Marks To HOME PAGE

The Grammar Index

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