Punctuation with Subordinating Conjunctions



Punctuation with Subordinating Conjunctions :



An independent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb that can stand alone as a sentence.

For example :

Rita goes to the classroom.

Adding a subordinating conjunction will automatically make the clause dependent.

For example :

When Rita goes to the classroom…
After Rita goes to the classroom….
Because Rita goes to the classroom…

If the dependent clause is placed at the beginning of a sentence, the dependent clause must be separated from the independent clause by a comma.

For example :

After Rita goes to the classroom, she goes to the library.

If the dependent clause is placed at the end of the sentence after the independent clause, no comma is necessary.

For example :

Rita goes to the library after she goes to the classroom.

If the dependent clause is inserted into the middle of the sentence, the clause acts as a parenthetical element and should have commas on both sides.

For example :

On Monday, after she goes to the classroom, Rita goes to the library.

Some common subordinating conjunctions are…

1. After
2. Although
3. As
4. As if
5. As long as
6. As though
7. Because
8. Before
9. Even if
10. Even though
11. If
12. If only
13. In order to
14. Now that
15. Once
16. Rather than
17. Since
18. So that
19. Still
20. Than
21. That
22. Unless
23. Until
24. When
25. Whenever
26. Where
27. Whereas
28. Wherever
29. While

Example Sentences Appropriate Conjunctions :

1. I cannot understand why you don’t do your work.
2. This house is where your Grandfather lived.
3. Since you have told me the truth, I will forgive you.
4. I like a leader who listens to his men.
5. The dog, which I loved dearly, died last night.
6. Umesh is a person who does his work responsibly.
7. If you have purchased the tickets yesterday, you will be admitted.
8. The dress that you bought me doesn’t fit well.
9. The teacher got angry because the children would not listen to her.
10. Yesterday, I was doing my work while you were playing outside.

Remember :

Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two items / clauses of equal importance.

Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that work together to coordinate two items / clauses.

Subordinating conjunctions are used to join a dependent clause (incomplete thought) to an independent clause.

Insert Appropriate Conjunctions in the following paragraph :

I went shopping yesterday. I was having friends for dinner. I needed a big chunk of paneer, two cauliflowers and twelve dinner rolls. I also bought two kilos of potatoes, tomatoes, capsicums, spinach, radishes, an orange and fresh garlic. I added fresh baby carrots, snow peas, corn and onions. I stopped by the florist. I picked up two bunches of deep red roses, lilies and some orchids. I went to the bakery for a chocolate cake. I drove to my friend’s to pick up a pair of beautiful pink-and-white candles. I was pleased with my purchases. I went home to cook and decorate the table for that evening’s dinner.



Punctuation with Subordinating Conjunctions



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