Schemes of Balance



Schemes of Balance :



Schemes of balance include Alliteration, Assonance, Anaphora, Epistrophe, Anadiplosis and Epanalepsis.

Alliteration : Alliteration is the initial or medial repetition of similar consonants in stressed syllabus in a sequence of nearby words.

Round the rock runs the river – Tennyson

Assonance : Assonance is resemblance or similarity in sound between vowels in two or more syllabus in a sequence of nearby words.

A host of golden daffodils – William Wordsworth

Anaphora : Anaphora is a term associated with the device of repetition, in which the same expression is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses or sentences.

Walk in faith. Walk in truth. Walk in light. Walk in with Christ. Give me the strength lightly to bear my joys and sorrows. Give me the strength to make my love fruitful in services. Rabindranath Tagore

Epistrophe : Epistrophe is the repetition of words or phrases at the end of every successive clause.

I’ll have my bond! Speak not against my bond!

I’ve sworn an oath I’ll have my bond!

Shakespeare in “The Merchant of Venice”

Anadiplosis : Anadiplosis is a term associated with the repetition in which the word or words at the end of one clause recur at the beginning of the next.

In equality of income leads to poverty. Poverty leads to fear, mistrust and ill will. Fear, Mistrust and ill-will lead to war. War is the creation of capitalism.

Simile : Simile is the figure of speech in which a similarity between two subjects is directly expressed. Most similes are introduced as or like.

He was as high as a kite

The shark‘s jaw gripped like a clamp.

Metaphor : Metaphor is a figure of speech based on comparison that is implied rather than directly expressed.

He was a lion in the flight.

Hyperbole : It is the figure of speech based on exaggeration.

Rivers of blood

Litotes : Litotes is the figure of speech in which an affirmative is expressed by stating a negative or the opposite of what one means.

I ‘m sure you’d never do that.(It means I’m sure you would do that)

Climax : Climax is a term used to indicate the arrangement of words, phrases events or ideas in rising order of importance.

Like this baseless fabric this vision

The cloud clapped towers, the gorgeous palaces

The solemn temples, the great globe itself

Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve.

Shakespeare

In fiction and drama the climax is the turning point of the plot.

Irony : Irony is a form of speech used to convey a meaning which is opposite to the literal meaning of the word.

Cordelia in King Lear refers to her unnatural sisters as – the jewel of our father.

Paradox : Paradox is a statement that seems contradictory or absurd and yet is true.

Action goes on but actors are motionless.

Oxymoron : In oxymoron two contradictory terms are brought together.

Wise fool, sad joy, the sound of silence.

Onomatopoeia : It refers to use of words in which the sense is suggested by the sound.

Hiss, buzz, gurgle, sizzle, splash

Personification : It is the figure of speech which endows animals, ideas, abstractions and inanimate objects with human form, character or feelings.

The breeze whispered.

The trees sighed and moaned.

Transferred Ephithet : HYPELLAGE is also called Transferred Ephithet. It is the figure of speech in which a descriptive adjective is transferred from the noun to which it naturally belongs to another noun.

Paul passed a sleepless night.

In this example the night was not sleepless .It was Paul who was sleepless.

Euphemism : Euphemism is a figure of speech in which an indirect statement is substituted for a direct one in an effort to avoid bluntness.

Passed away is euphemism used to for the term died.

Schemes of Balance



Synonyms and Antonyms Index

Moral Stories

Akbar and Birbal Stories

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