Simple Future Tense



Simple Future Tense :



The past and present tenses are well-defined whereas the future can be expressed in many ways. Hence the future is usually referred to as the Future Time rather than the Future Tense.

Future time can be expressed

Future time can be expressed using will, shall.

I shall leave for Paris tomorrow.

Future time can be expressed in the GOING TO form.

I am going to leave for Paris tomorrow.

Future time can be expressed as simple present.

I leave for Paris tomorrow.

Future time can be expressed as present continuous.

I am leaving for Paris tomorrow.

As you can see, all these forms express the same idea. However, each of these forms is used to express the future in slightly different ways.

WILL / SHALL

We use the WILL or SHALL form of the Future Time when…

we decide to do something at the time of speaking.

For example :

I am running fever today, I will tell my teacher that I will not go to school today.

we are talking about something that is already decided or is certain to happen.

For example :

Look at the clouds that have gathered, it will definitely rain very soon.

the speaker is expressing his or her views. Quite often such sentences have the words, ‘I think’, ‘I do not think’, ‘I am sure’, ‘I am not sure’, ‘I feel’, ‘I do not feel’, and so on.

For example :

The workers have dug such a deep hole in the middle of the road, I do not think they will be able to fill it up by this afternoon.

we offer to do something.

For example :

Come here, I will plait your hair for you.

we promise to do something.

For example :

I am sorry Ma’am, I will not play such a prank again.

we ask somebody to do something.

For example :

Will you please turn the volume down? I cannot study with the music blaring like this.

Fill in the blanks with WILL or SHALL form of the verbs given in the brackets.

1. Jamuna will cook for the guest today as it is her turn to do so.

2. May I borrow your pencil? I shall return it at the end of this class.

3. Geeta, will you sing the national anthem at the assembly today?

4. Mohan will be the first runner while I shall be the last runner of the team.

5. You better hurry. The bus will leave in five minutes.

6. After the crops are sown, the farmers will open the gates of the canal.

7. Do not worry that you have missed the bus. Father will take you by car to school.

8. Shall I open the door now or after half an hour?

9. The dog is looking sick. Shall I take it to the veterinary immediately?

10. During the monsoons the roads will get flooded if we do not clean the gutters regularly.

We use the WILL or SHALL form of the Future Time with GOING TO.

We use the GOING TO form to express future time when we have decided to do something in the near future.

For example :

I am going to exercise regularly from tomorrow.

We use the GOING TO form to express future time when we make a prediction about a future event.

For example :

The year 2222 is going to be a very interesting year.

Few sentences with GOING TO…

1. If we are not careful, the forests are going to disappear in the next fifty years.

2. With the rising costs, the middle class is going to have a tough time making ends meet.

3. The new reporter announced that the schools are going to hold the exams late this year.

4. The cyclists are going so fast that there is going to be an accident.

5. We have decided that we are going to hold a concert every year.

The simple present is used to express future rime when we are talking about timetables, programmes or schedules.

For example :

I fly into Mumbai at noon and then speak at the seminar at 4:00 p.m.

The simple present is used to express future rime when one action depends upon another.

For example :

If you come early, we will be able to play.

The present continuous is used to express future time when we are talking about actions that are already planned.

For example :

After graduation, he is going to marry Jayanri and settle down in Goa.

Note : While using this form, we usually provide some word that expresses a time frame.

For example : Tomorrow. I will be teaching you how to plant the seeds.

By next year, you will be planting saplings too.

1. Our tour operator has informed us that we will start the journey at Chandigarh. We will travel by car, taking the road that passes through the mountains. Finally we are going to board the bus to reach Manali.

2. Divya has decided that she will join the army as a captain when she grows up.

3. Keep quiet now, the band is going to perform any moment now.

4. The teacher says that she is going to distribute the worksheets in five minutes.

5. The circus has come to town! The acrobats will swing from ropes high above the ground and the animals are going to do many tricks. It will be great fun!



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