Simple Sentence

Simple Sentence :

We have already learnt that a Sentence which has only one Finite Verb (expressed or understood) is called a Simple Sentence.

There are two main parts of which a Simple Sentence can be composed and the analysis of a sentence consists in breaking it up into these two parts - the Subject and the Predicate.

The Subject + The Predicate

1. The sun shines.
2. They shouted loud.
3. Hens lay eggs.
4. God saved the Queen.
5. The King of Belgium went up the hill.
6. All the children danced with you.

We see that the Subject may consist of one word or several words. We also see that the Predicate may consist of one word (the Verb) or several words (the Verb + its adjuncts, if any, + Object or Complement, if any).

(I) When the Subject of a sentence consists of several words, the chief word, around which the other words are grouped, is called the Subject-word.

for example : King and children

The Subject-word must be either a Noun or something that has the force of a Noun.

The additions or Adjuncts to the Subject-word (if there are any) must be either Adjectives or words that have the force of an Adjective. Hence they have been called Attributive Adjuncts or Enlargement.

(II) When the Predicate consists of one word, that word is always a Verb, because we cannot say anything without a Verb.

When the Predicate consists of several words, the essential word in the predicate is always a Verb.

The additions or Adjuncts to the Verb (if there are any) must be either Adverbs or words that have the force of an Adverb. Hence they have been called Adverbial Qualification or Extension.

1. The sun shines.
Subject : SUN
Attribute : THE
Verb : shines
Adverbial Qualifications : nil

2. They shouted loud.
Subject : They
Attribute : nil
Verb : shouted
Adverbial Qualifications : loud

3. Hens lay eggs.
Subject : Hens
Attribute : nil
Verb : lay
Adverbial Qualifications : eggs

4. God saved the Queen.
Subject : God
Attribute :
Verb : saved
Adverbial Qualifications : the Queen

5. The King of Belgium went up the hill.
Subject : King
Attribute : The & of Belgium
Verb : went
Adverbial Qualifications : up the hill

6. All the children danced with you.
Subject : children
Attribute : All & the
Verb : danced
Adverbial Qualifications : with you

The Subject-word can be expressed in several different forms, all of which (as you have already learnt) are either nouns or words that have the force of a noun.

1. Rain is falling.
2. The virtuous will prosper.
3. We must go.
4. To work is healthy.
5. Working is healthy.
6. How to pay for it is a problem.

Sometimes a sentence begins with IT and the Subject or its equivalent mentioned after the Verb.

It is easy to do this.

Here the IT is redundant and may be left out in the analysis.

To do this is easy.

When the Finite Verb is in the Imperative Mood, the Subject is understood.


Here GO is the Finite Verb and an understood YOU is the Subject.


  1. A Sentence - 1
  2. A Sentence - 2
  3. A Sentence - 3
  4. The Structure of Sentences
  5. Kinds of Sentences
  6. A Clause and A Phrase
  7. The Noun Clause
  8. The Adjective Clause
  9. The Adverb Clause
  10. Adverb Clauses
  11. Adjective Clauses
  12. Noun Clauses
  13. Three Kinds of Clauses
  14. Sample Sentences with Clauses
  15. Simple Sentences ( Simple Sentence )
  16. Double Sentences
  17. Multiple Sentences
  18. Complex Sentences
  19. Attributive Adjuncts
  20. The Predicate
  21. Adverbial Adjuncts to Verb of Predicate
  22. Analysis of Sentences
  23. Contracted Sentences
  24. Analysis of Double Sentences
  25. Analysis of Multiple Sentences
  26. Rules for Analysing Double Sentences
  27. Rules for Analysing Multiple Sentences
  28. Analysis of Complex Sentences
  29. The Complex Sentences
  30. Analysis of Multiple Sentence
  31. The Transformation of Sentences
  32. Modes of Expressing A Condition in English Grammar
  33. Modes of Expressing A Concessional Clause
  34. Modes of Expressing A Contrasting Clause
  35. Interchange of Degrees of Comparison
  36. Synthesis of Sentences - 1
  37. Synthesis of Sentences - 2
  38. Synthesis of Sentences - 3
  39. The Principal Clause
  40. The Dependent Clause
  41. Verb in The Dependent Clause
  42. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
  43. Kinds of Sentences
  44. Direct and Indirect Speech
  45. A Sentence without E
  46. Parsed Sentence

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