Subordinating Conjunctions



Subordinating Conjunctions :



There is a third kind of conjunction, known as the subordinating conjunction.

Take a look at these sentences.

1. I got up late because I did not hear the alarm.
2. He is sad since he has lost the race.
3. Meera jumped with joy when Seema got the prize.

In the above examples, there are two parts or two clauses in each sentence.

1. I got up late / because I did not hear the alarm.
2. He is sad / since he has lost the race.
3. Meera jumped with joy / when Seema got the prize.

In all these examples, the second part of the sentence depends upon the first in order to be meaningful. Such clauses are known as subordinate clauses. The conjunctions that join such a clause to the main clause are known as subordinating conjunctions.

Look at the underlined word in the sentence given below.

It is unfortunate that Mr. Jones will not return.

The word underlined in the sentence connects the two parts of the sentence.

It is unfortunate that Mr. Jones will not return.

Hence it is a conjunction.

When it connects the sentence, a part of the sentence depends on the other or is subordinate to the other for meaning, ‘that Mr. Jones will not return’ by itself, does not make complete sense. It needs the words ‘It is unfortunate’.

Hence, such words, that connect two parts of a sentence such that one part depends on the other for meaning, are known as subordinating conjunctions.



Subordinating Conjunctions



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