An Adverb usually qualifies a Verb, an Adjective, another Adverb or a Preposition.
Qualifying The Verbs :
1. He did not run badly.
2. She has grown tall.
3. His life finished so quickly.
4. The singer sings loudly.
Qualifying The Adjectives :
1. That lady is quite pretty.
2. This man is more interesting than his brother.
3. Your report is always right.
4. He is always fast in his walk.
5. You are the most talented students.
Qualifying The Adverbs :
1. SPB and his team sing enormously too loudly.
2. They run quite fast.
Qualifying The Prepositions :
1. The bird flew exactly over the sleeper's head.
2. He paid the money right up to date.
3. This mistake was made entirely through your fault.
4. He arrived long before the time.
5. They committed a mistake simply out of innocence.
6. You have to face him squarely in front of you.
An Adverb can qualify not merely individual words, but an entire Assertive Sentence. In this case it must stand first in the sentence.
1. Unfortunately the thief was not caught.
2. Evidently you were much distressed at the news.
3. Luckily he got the money from his father in time.
4. Inadvertently they failed to send their documents today.
We could rewrite these sentences in the following forms.
1. It is unfortunate that the thief was not caught.
2. It is evident that you were much distressed at the news.
3. It is mere luck that he got the money from his father in time.
4. It is inadvertent that they failed to send their documents today.
As a general rule Adverbs do not qualify Nouns or Pronouns. This is the work of Adjectives.
But an Adverb qualifies a Noun in such a sentence (Even torture could not break his spirit.) and a Pronoun in (Only you can tell us the facts.)
Qualifying The Nouns :
1. There is a high mountain is beyond this town.
2. My parents gave a real surprise.
3. There is a fast train to your native after 8 pm today.
Qualifying The Pronouns :
4. It is a high mountain beyond this town.
5. They gave a real surprise.
6. It is a fast train to your native after 8 pm today.
In the following examples Adverb that precedes the Noun does not qualify the Noun, but some Participle or Adjective understood.
1. The then king = the king then reigning.
2. The above account = the account given above.
In the following example, an Adverb ALMOST does not qualify the Noun drunkard, but the Verb IS.
1. He is almost a drunkard.
To say….He is an almost drunkard…would be incorrect.