The Auxiliary Verbs

The Auxiliary Verbs :

The Auxiliary Verbs are BE, HAVE, SHALL, WILL, MAY and DO.

1. BE = This verb is used as copula (= linking verb).
2. HAVE = This verb is used as perfect aspect.
3. SHALL = This verb is used as deontic modality.
4. WILL = This verb is used as deontic modality.
5. MAY = This verb is used as deontic modality.
6. DO = This verb is used to support / emphasis.

None but these six are rightly called Auxiliary…because none but these six are used for helping other Verbs to form those Tenses which cannot be formed by inflection.

1. BE and WAS
2. IS and WAS
3. ARE and WERE
4. HAVE and HAD
7. DO and DID
8. MAY and MIGHT
11. MUST
12. DARE


The various forms of the Verb BE are AM, IS, ARE, WAS, WERE, BEEN and BEING. WAS is the past tense forms of the verb IS and AM. WERE is the past tense form of the verb ARE. BEEN is the past participle form of the verb BE and BEING is the present participle of BE.

This Verb is used in three different ways.

As an Intransitive Verb of Complete Predication in the sense of mere existence….

1. God is…(God exists.)

2. There are many men who…(Many men exist who….)

3. The people are here to reproduce their children. (The people exist…)

4. I am here to….(I exist….)

5. The animals were in the forest. (The animals existed in the forest.)

6. The boxes are in that shelf. (The boxes exist in that shelf.)

As an Intransitive Verb of Incomplete Predication

1. A horse is a four-legged animal.
2. This coat was of many colours.
3. I am of his group.
4. You are a student of this school.
5. They are scholars of high degree.
6. My parents are not in Chennai.
7. The trucks and cars were sold off by my father a long time back.

As an Auxiliary Verb…

All the Tenses in Passive Verbs and all the Continuous Tenses in Active ones are formed by the help of the Verb TO BE.

1. I am loved.
2. He was loved by all.
3. I am working in the ice-factory.
4. He was working.
5. The students were not coming to the school regularly.
6. I am insulted by my college-mates.
7. She was walking along the road.
8. My friends are waiting for me neat the college.
9. Why are you standing here in the midnight?
10. Where is you book?
11. Your account is old one. You have to renew it by this month.


  1. The Auxiliary Verb BE
  2. The Auxiliary Verb HAVE
  3. The Auxiliary Verb SHALL
  4. The Auxiliary Verb WILL
  5. The Auxiliary Verb DO
  6. The Auxiliary Verb MAY
  7. The Auxiliary Verb CAN
  8. The Auxiliary Verb OUGHT
  9. The Auxiliary Verb MUST
  10. The Auxiliary Verb DARE
  11. The Auxiliary Verb NEED
  12. The Auxiliary Verb BEWARE
  13. The Verb
  14. The Auxiliary Verbs
  15. Subject-Verb Agreement - 1
  16. Subject-Verb Agreement - 2
  17. The English Verb
  18. Basic Form of The Verb
  19. Principal Parts of A Verb
  20. Non-finite Form of The Verb
  21. The Intensive Forms of English Verbs
  22. Verbal Idioms
  23. Confusing Verbs
  24. Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
  25. Sentences with Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
  26. Two Auxiliaries with One Principal Verb
  27. One Auxiliary with Two Principal Verbs
  28. Words Used as Verbs
  29. Intransitive Verb of Complete Predication
  30. Intransitive Verb of Incomplete Predication
  31. Defective Verbs
  32. Strong Verbs
  33. Tests of A Strong Verb
  34. Wholly Strong Strong Verbs
  35. Partly Strong Strong Verbs
  36. List of Strong Verbs
  37. Weak Verbs
  38. Tests of A Weak Verb
  39. List of Weak Verbs
  40. Mixed Verbs
  41. Strong Verbs Becoming Partly Weak Verbs

The Auxiliary Verbs :

The Auxiliary Verbs To HOME PAGE

The Sentences Index

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