The Dative Case :
When a Noun is used as the Indirect Object of the Verb in the sentence, it is said to be in this case.
The main function of this case is to show the indirect object of the verb.
The indirect object of a sentence is the recipient of the action of the direct object. You can find the direct object….
by finding the verb
by asking what or whom
EXAMPLE : I gave him hundred rupees.
In the above sentence….
The subject of the verb : I
The verb of the sentence : GAVE
The direct object of the verb : HIM
The indirect object of the verb : HUNDRED RUPEES
The recipient of the direct object is HUNDRED RUPEES.
So, the indirect object of the verb HUNDRED RUPEES is in this case.
In this case, nouns do not change their forms. However, some pronouns do.
EXAMPLE : We will send him his books tomorrow.
Step 1 : Find the verb = will send
Step 2 : Ask "What?" = his books
Step 3 : recipient? = him
Therefore, the indirect object in the above sentence is him. The pronoun HE is changed into him in this case.
In English, we use the term objective case for both this case and the accusative case.
Here are few more examples of nouns and pronouns as indirect objects of the verbs.
EXAMPLE : Computer will give you the results.
Step 1 : Find the verb = will give
Step 2 : Ask "What?" = the results
Step 3 : recipient? = you
Therefore, the indirect object in the above sentence is you. The pronoun you is in this case.
EXAMPLE : They have sent me a copy of the Bible.
Step 1 : Find the verb = have sent
Step 2 : Ask "What?" = a copy of the Bible
Step 3 : recipient? = me
Therefore, the indirect object in the above sentence is me. The pronoun I is changed into me in the dative case.
In English, prepositions take the objective case.
with her (and not with she)
by whom (and not by who)
along with them (and not by THEY)
By me (and not by I)
BY him (and not by HE)
By whose father (and not by who father)
This was, all the prepositions will take only the nouns of this case.
RELATED PAGES :
- Noun and Case
- Kinds of Cases in English
- The Nominative Case
- The Subjective Case
- The Straight Case
- The Upright Case
- Nominative Case Pronouns
- Nominative Pronouns
- The Vocative Case
- The Genitive Case
- The Possessive Case
- The Accusative Case
- The Objective Case
- Uses of The Genitive Case
- Genitive Case in Phrases
- Genitive Case in Apposition
The Dative Case :
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