The Direct Object of the Active Verb



The Direct Object of the Active Verb :



Retained Object of The Verb in Active Voice

Verbs which take two Objects after them in the Active Voice can still retain one in the Passive. This Object may be either.

(a) The Indirect Object of the Active Verb

I forgave him his fault. (Active Verb)
His fault was forgiven him by me. (Passive Verb)

They gave him a book. (Active Verb)
A book was given him by them. (Passive Verb)

She teaches us English. (Active Verb)
English is taught us by her. (Passive Verb)

Who taught her French? (Active Verb)
By whom was French taught her? (Passive Verb)

(b) The Direct Object of the Active Verb

I forgave him his fault. (Active Verb)
He was forgiven his fault by me. (Passive Verb)

They gave him a book. (Active Verb)
He was given a book by them. (Passive Verb)

She teaches us English. (Active Verb)
We are taught English by her. (Passive Verb)

Who taught her French? (Active Verb)
By whom was she taught French? (Passive Verb)

It has now been shown that there are four different Kinds of Objects which can be used with Verbs.

(1) Direct (with Transitive Verbs) : He taught English.

(2) Indirect (with Transitive Verbs) : He taught his sons English.

(3) Retained (with Passive Verbs) : His sons were taught English.

(4) Cognate (with Intransitive Verbs) : The fever must run its course.

Whenever a Transitive Verb of Incomplete Predication is changed from the Active Voice to the Passive, the Objective Complement becomes a Subjective one.

Active Voice and Complement to Object

1. They proclaimed him king.
2. They did not crown him king.

Passive Voice and Complement to Subject

1. He was proclaimed king by them.
2. He was not crowned king by them.

Here are some more examples of the interchange of Active and Passive Voices.

One should keep one's promises. (Active Verb)
Promises should be kept. (Passive Verb)

They told us to walk on the left. (Active Verb)
We were told to walk on the left. (Passive Verb)

Give the order. (Active Verb)
Let the order be given. (Passive Verb)

The telegraph wires have been cut. (Active Verb)
Someone has cut the telegraph wires. (Passive Verb)

Let all the doors be shut. (Active Verb)
Shut all the doors. (Passive Verb)

He was refused admission. (Active Verb)
They refused him admission. (Passive Verb)

Example Sentences with Active Voice and Passive Voice :

1. We refused them admission.
2. The Principal promised us a holiday.
3. Who taught her English?
4. The boys were playing football on the new ground.
5. They kept us waiting.
6. We shall be blamed by our friends.
7. We elected Latif captain.
8. Do not leave waste paper on the grass.
9. Who wrote this letter to her?
10. We asked them to keep to the left.
11. The President appointed him governor.
12. Shall we ever forget those good old days?
13. He teaches us Grammar.
14. Alas! We shall hear her voice no more.
15. When will you pay your fees?
16. I was greatly annoyed by his words and manner.
17. The policeman caught him asleep.
18. The city welcomed them back on their return from the battlefield.
19. Will not a sense of duty persuade him to work better?
20. We raised many objections.
21. He was struck by lightning.
22. Who rang the bell?
23. Whom did they blame for that unfortunate accident?
24. I saw a film that amused me very much.
25. He promised me a present.
26. The town was destroyed by an earthquake.
27. My pocket has been picked.
28. Give a paisa to the beggar.
29. Why should we be suspected by you?
30. Why did you insult that poor woman?
31. We must listen to his words.
32. We expected good news.
33. They laughed at his warning.
34. Did your uncle pay your school fees?

RELATED PAGES :



  1. The Verb
  2. Kinds of Verbs
  3. Object to The Verb
  4. Subject of The Verb
  5. Transitive Verbs
  6. Forms of The Object and Transitive Verb
  7. Position of The Object and Transitive Verb
  8. Noun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  9. Pronoun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  10. Infinitive as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  11. Gerund as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  12. Phrase as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  13. Clause as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  14. Relative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  15. Interrogative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  16. Double Objects and Transitive Verbs
  17. Direct Objects and Transitive Verbs
  18. Indirect Objects and Transitive Verbs
  19. Transitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  20. Complement
  21. Forms of Complement
  22. Omission of The Relative as Object
  23. Transitive Verbs used Intransitively
  24. Intransitive Verbs
  25. Intransitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  26. Intransitive Verbs of Complete Predication
  27. Subjective Complement
  28. Objective Complement
  29. Cognate or Kindred
  30. Cognate Noun
  31. Cognate Object
  32. Intransitive Verbs in A Causal Sense
  33. Prepositional Verbs
  34. Object to Active Verb
  35. Subject to Passive Verb
  36. Agent of The Verb
  37. Retained Object of The Verb in Active Voice
  38. The Indirect Object of the Active Verb
  39. The Infinitive Mood of Verbs
  40. Sixteen Forms of A Verb
  41. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Active Voice
  42. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Passive Voice
  43. Do and Did


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