The English Verb :
All our actions and states need verbs. These verbs speaks about the actions and states of being. The verb is an essential element of English - only the nouns occur more frequently in the spoken and written language. There are at the most five forms of verbs which will be dealt with in other pages of this website. Native speakers of English rarely think about verbs. In actual practice, however, verbs are misused and abused by native speakers and learners of English alike. There are many verbs which are confusing the speakers regarding whether to use LAY or LIE, SHALL or WILL and WENT or GONE. For those learning English, the verb can be one of the most complex word forms with many irregular verbs and many possible combinations for all the possible verbal usages. It is the disparity between this paucity of verbal endings and the numerous and flexible uses of English verbs that has given birth to this page.
The English verb in comparison to many other Indo-European languages has lost most of the endings that indicate the categories of voice, mood, tense, aspect, person and number. English has about a dozen auxiliary or helping verbs. But most English verbs are full verbs that may be either regular or irregular. There is one segment of verbs which is otherwise called regular verbs which take D for their past-forms.
Irregular verbs (also called strong verbs) have different ways of forming that past tense.
1. Bring - Brought
2. Drive - Drove
3. Sing - Sang
4. Spend - Spent
There are many hundred irregular verbs in English and all but those rarely used are found here.
We have given the conjugations or conjugated forms of the irregular and regular verbs
most frequently used in speech and writing. Conjugation means to join with. We attach endings to the basic form of the verb to distinguish voice, mood, tense, aspect, person and number. These categories may be more familiar to the learner of English than to the native speaker. Discussions and analyses of grammatical categories in English have disappeared from many English Grammar Schools.
The traditional categories are better suited to a highly inflected language - one with many changes such as Classical Greek and Latin or modem Russian and German. At one time English was more heavily inflected. It had many more endings than at present.
The ever-growing use of technology and the role of English in electronic communication have expanded not only the vocabulary, but the number of those who come into contact with the language every day. We have tried to be mindful of those changes and incorporate some of the most popular and most recent additions to English.
RELATED PAGES :
- The Verb
- The Auxiliary Verbs
- Subject-Verb Agreement - 1
- Subject-Verb Agreement - 2
- The English Verb
- Basic Form of The Verb
- Principal Parts of A Verb
- Non-finite Form of The Verb
- The Intensive Forms of English Verbs
- Verbal Idioms
- Confusing Verbs
- Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
- Sentences with Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
- Two Auxiliaries with One Principal Verb
- One Auxiliary with Two Principal Verbs
- Words Used as Verbs
- Intransitive Verb of Complete Predication
- Intransitive Verb of Incomplete Predication
- Defective Verbs
- Strong Verbs
- Tests of A Strong Verb
- Wholly Strong Strong Verbs
- Partly Strong Strong Verbs
- List of Strong Verbs
- Weak Verbs
- Tests of A Weak Verb
- List of Weak Verbs
- Mixed Verbs
- Strong Verbs Becoming Partly Weak Verbs
The English Verb
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