The Indian Space Technology

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The Indian Space Technology :

India’s space programme has come of age. India is launching her own satellites in her own vehicles. This is really a great thing indeed. She is developing her own communication satellites to geostationary orbit. So India has earned a coveted place in the exclusive space club. India is the sixth country in the world. The other countries are Soviet Union, the USA, France, China and Japan.

The Indian Space programme is directed towards self-reliant use of space science and technology for national development. Its main objectives are…

1) Satellite communication for various national uses including direct TV broadcasting to community receivers

2) Satellite remote sensing for resource survey and management, environmental monitoring and meteorological services

3) Development and operationalisation of indigenous satellites

India’s space activities are not new. They were started in 1823 with the setting up Colaba Observatory. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) was created in 1875. Research in the field of Physics of the upper atmosphere and astrophysics started in the beginning of the 20th century. The Indian Space programme began in 1962 with the creation of the Indian National committee for Space Research. The Indian Space Research Organisation was set up in 1969. ISRO and Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) functioned as autonomous agencies, supported mainly by the Department of Atomic Energy. Later these organisations were brought within the ambit of the Space Commission and the Department of Space was created in 1972. The National Remote Sensing Agency was transferred to the agencies of the Department of Space in 1980. The INSAT - 1 Space Segment Project was organised in 1977.

ISRO is responsible for the planning, programming and management of research and development activities in the country in space science. PRL conducts research programmes in space and related sciences. NRSA deploys modern techniques for remote sensing. Data reception and utilization are developed and practiced by ISRO and NRSA.

ISRO, PRL, NRSA and the INSAT - I space Segment project function under the aegis of Department of Space.

To achieve these ends India is actively involved in developing a series of satellite and launch vehicle systems. The Indian Space programme began with the setting up of a sounding rocket launching facility at Thumba near Trivandram in 1963. In stead of starting all the centres in one area, ISRO encompasses the following centres to carry on its activities.

1) Vikram Sarabhai Space centre - Trivandram

2) SHAR Centre, Sriharikota - AP

3) ISRO Satellite Centre - Bangalore

4) Auxiliary Propulsion System Unit - Bangalore

5) Space Applications Centre - Ahmedabad

6) Development and Educational Communication Unit - Ahmedabad

7) ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) with its head quarters in Bangalore

The Spectacular achievement of the Indian Space Science and Technology was mainly due to the hard, sincere and devoted works of Vikram Sarabhai, Sathish Dhavan, U.R. Rao, Kasturi Rangan.

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